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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2550 - κακοήθεια

from a compound of (G2556) and (G2239)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
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  1. bad character, depravity of heart and life
  2. malignant subtlety, malicious craftiness
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Romans 1
NAS (1)
Romans 1
HCS (1)
Romans 1
BSB (1)
Romans 1
ESV (1)
Romans 1
WEB (1)
Romans 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. -ιη, ἡ,

I bad disposition, malignity, Pl. R. 348d, 401a, Hyp. Eux. 32 (-ηθία), Romans 1:29; κ. τὸ ἐπὶ τὸ Χεῖρον ὑπολαμβάνειν ἅπαντα Arist. Rh. 1389b20: pl., κ. ὑπὲρ τοῦ πράγματος λεγόμεναι Aeschin. 1.166, cf. Isoc. 15.284, D.C. Fr. 96.2.

II bad manners or habits, X. Cyn. 13.16.

III Medic., malignant character, τῆς νόσου Epicur. Fr. 471: in pl., malignant diseases or growths, Dsc. 3.92 (v.l. for τὰ -ήθη).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κακοήθεια (κακοηθια WH; see Iota), κακοηθείας, (from κακοήθης, and this from κακός and ἦθος), bad character, depravity of heart and life, Xenophon, Plato, Isocrates, others; 4 Macc. 1:4, where cf. Grimm, p. 299; specifically used of malignant subtlety, malicious craftiness: Romans 1:29 (3Macc. 3:22; Additions to Esther 8:1, 12 [Esther 8:238:12f, Esther 8:32p]; Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 35, 5 [ET]; Josephus, Antiquities 1, 1, 4; 16, 3, 1; (contra Apion 1, 24, 4); Polybius 5, 50, 5, etc.). On the other hand, Aristotle, rhet. 2, 13 (3, p. 81) defines it τό ἐπί τό χεῖρον ὑπολαμβάνειν πάντα (taking all things in the evil part, Genevan N. T. Cf. Trench, § xi.).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** κακοήθεια

(WH, -θία ), -ας ,

(< κακός , ἦθος ),

[in LXX: Ezra 8:13, 3 Maccabees 3:22; 3 Maccabees 7:3 A, 4 Maccabees 1:4; 4 Maccabees 3:4*;]

malignity, malevolence: Romans 1:29 (Cremer, 329).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this NT ἅπ. εἰρ. (Romans 1:29) see the late P Grenf I. 60.13 (A.D. 581) where the word is found with a number of others of a similar character—ἄνευ παντὸς δόλου καὶ φόβου. . . [καὶ οἱ ]ασδήποτε κακονοίας καὶ κακοηθείας καὶ παντὸς ἐλαττώματος κτλ. The adj. is found in P Giss I. 40ii. 11 (A.D. 212–5) παρὰ το [ ]ς κακοήθεσιν.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κακοηθείας κακοηθιας κακοηθίας kakoetheias kakoetheías kakoētheias kakoētheías
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