the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2409 - ἱερεύς
- a priest, one who offers sacrifices and in general in busied with sacred rites
- referring to priests of Gentiles or the Jews,
- metaph. of Christians, because, purified by the blood of Christ and brought into close intercourse with God, they devote their life to him alone and to Christ
ἱερ-εύς [ ῐ], έως,
Ion. -ῆος, Cypr. -ῆϝος Inscr.Cypr. 59 H., ὁ, Att. pl. ἱερῆς: gen. sg. and pl. written ἱερείως, ἱερείων, PStrassb. 83.2, 9 (ii B.C.): —
Ion. nom. ἱρεύς Il. 5.10, 16.604, Od. 9.198: Dor. ἱᾰρεύς IG 4.1182, al. (gen. ἰαρέος ib.1580); acc. pl. τὸς ἱαρές Schwyzer 236 (Cyrene); nom. pl. οἱ ἱαρές ibid.; nom. sg. ἱαρές GDI 4846 (Cyrene): —
also ἱέρεως (Att. and proparox. acc. to Choerob. in Theod. 1.253) SIG 1037.4 (Milet., iv/iii B.C.); gen. ἱέρεω IPE 12.32 A 23, al. (Olbia, iii B.C.); dat. ἵρεῳ Schwyzer 692 (Chios, v. B.C.); acc. ἱέρεω Milet. 1(7).203b3 (ii B.C.): ἱερής IG 5(2).115.1 (Tegea, iv/iii B.C.), cf. Inscr.Cypr. 100 H.: —
Arc. ἱαρής IG 5(2).13.10 (iii B.C.): acc. ἱερήν ib.3.1 (Tegea, iv B.C.): (ἱερός): —
1. priest, sacrificer, diviner, Il. 1.62, 16.604, Pi. P. 2.17, Hdt. 2.2, And. 1.124, etc.; ἐφ' ἱερέως, as a date, SIG 332.1 (Potidaea, iv/iii B.C.), etc. (freq. unaspirated, ἐπ' ἰερέως IG 12(1).890, etc. (Rhodes)); of the Jewish High Priest, D.S. 34 / 5.1; ἱ. ὁ μέγας LXX Leviticus 21:10, Ph. 2.591; ἱ. ὁ χριστός LXX Leviticus 4:5; at Rome, = pontifex, Mon.Anc.Gr. 6.9; ἱ. ὁ μέγιστος, = pont. maximus, D.S. 27.2.
2. metaph., ἱ. τις ἄτας a minister of woe, A. Ag. 735 (lyr.); comically, λεπτοτάτων λήρων ἱερεῦ Ar. Nu. 359; ἱ. Διονύσου, of a winebibber, Eup. 19; ἱ. φιλοσοφίας Lib. Or. 52.42.
ἱερεύς, ἱερέως, ὁ (ἱερός) (from Homer down), Hebrew כֹּהֵן, a priest; one who offers sacrifices and in general is busied with sacred rites;
a. properly, of the priests of the Gentiles, Acts 14:13; of the priests of the Jews, Matthew 8:4; Matthew 12:4; Mark 1:44; (Mark 2:26); Luke 1:5; Luke 5:14; John 1:19; Heb. 7:(
b. metaphorically, of Christians, because, purified by the blood of Christ and brought into close contact with God, they devote their life to him alone (and to Christ): Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:10; Revelation 20:6, cf. Revelation 1:5; Revelation 5:9.
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ἱερεύς , -έως , ὁ
(< ἱερός ),
[in LXX for H3549;]
a priest: ἱ . τ . Διός , Acts 14:13; of Jewish priests, Matthew 8:4; Matthew 12:4-5, Mark 1:44; Mark 2:26, Luke 1:5; Luke 5:14, John 1:19, Hebrews 8:4, al.; of Christ, Hebrews 5:6 (LXX) Hebrews 10:21; of Christians, Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:10; Revelation 20:6 (Cremer, 293; on the acc pl., ἱερεῖς , v. Thack., Gr., 147 f.; Bl., § 8, 2).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
It is unnecessary to illustrate at length this very common word, but reference may be made to the complaint in BGU I. 16 (A.D. 159–60) (= Selections, p. 83 f.) which five presbyter-priests (οἱ ε ̄ πρεσβύτεροι ἱερεῖς) lodge against a brotherpriest (συνιερεύς)";of letting his hair grow too long and of wearing woollen garments";—ὡς κομῶντος [κ ]αὶ χρω [μ ]ένου ἐρεαῖς ἐσθήσεσι. On the popular use of ἱερεύς to designate a bishop or presbyter in Christian inscrr. of iv/A.D. see Ramsay Luke, p. 387, and for the fem. ἱέρεια = ";wife of a hiereus"; see ib. p. 365. This last is found joined with ἱέρισσα in P Lend 880.7 (B.C. 113) (= III. p. 8), al. For the verb ἱερόω cf. Chrest. I. 72.9 (A.D. 234) μηδένα δὲ τῶν ἱερέω [ν ἢ ] ἱερωμένων ἐνκαταλελοιπέναι τὰς [θρ ]ησκείας, where, however, the meaning is far from clear : see Wilcken’s note. See also the interesting libellus of a heathen ἱέρεια in Chrest, I. 125 (A.D. 250).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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