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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2226 - ζῶον

of a derivative of (G2198)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
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  1. a living being
  2. an animal, brute, beast
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2416 ‑ חַי (khah'ee);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (23)
Hebrews 1
2 Peter 1
Jude 1
Revelation 20
NAS (39)
Hebrews 1
2 Peter 1
Jude 1
Revelation 36
HCS (23)
Hebrews 1
2 Peter 1
Jude 1
Revelation 20
BSB (23)
Hebrews 1
2 Peter 1
Jude 1
Revelation 20
ESV (16)
Hebrews 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 14
WEB (24)
Hebrews 2
2 Peter 1
Jude 1
Revelation 20
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ζῷον, τό,

I living being, animal, Hdt. 5.10 (of bees), Ar. V. 551, Pl. 443, etc.; πᾶν ὅ τι περ ἂν μετάσχῃ τοῦ ζῆν ζῷον ἂν λέγοιτο Pl. Ti. 77b; ζῷα, opp. φυτά, Id. Phd. 70d, 110e, etc.; ζ. θαλάττιον, χερσαῖον, Phld. Rh. 1.98S.; contemptuously, ὅπως ἡ χώρα τοῦ τοιούτου ζῴου καθαρὰ γίγνηται may be free from this kind of animal (i.e. beggars), Pl. Lg. 936c; ζ. πονηρόν, of women, Secund. Sent. 8.

II in art, figure, image, not necessarily of animals (cf. ζῴδιον), ζῷον δέ οἱ ἐνῆν, ἀνὴρ ἱππεύς Hdt. 3.88: mostly in pl., ζῷα ἐς τὴν ἐσθῆτα ἐγγράφειν Id. 1.203, cf. 2.4, 124, 148, Pl. R. 515a, etc.; ζῷα γράψασθαι τὴν ζεῦξιν τοῦ Βοσπόρου to have pictures of the bridging of the Bosporus painted, Hdt. 4.88; cf. ζωγραφέω: ζῷα ποιεῖν Plu. Per. 13.

III sign of the Zodiac, Man. 2.166. The word is post- Hom., no generic word used for animal being found till after the middle of the fifth cent. B.C. (ζώϊον Semon. 13, whence Att. ζῷον by contraction: ι is found in IG 12.372.42, al.,11(2).161 B 76 (Delos, iii B.C.), Phld. Rh. 2.166S., and in codd. opt. in the Noun; the Adj. ζωός (q.v.) had no ι: for the compds. (exc. ζωγλύφος, ζωγράφος) decisive evidence is lacking: ζῳάγρια with ι was read by Aristarch. in Il. 18.407.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ζοων (or ζοων (so L WH uniformly, Treg. in Heb. and Rev.; see Etym. Magn. 413, 24, and references under the word Iota)), ζοωυ, τό, (ζοως alive);

1. a living being.

2. an animal, brute, beast: Hebrews 13:11; 2 Peter 2:12; Jude 1:10; Revelation 4:6-9 (on Revelation 4:8 cf. Buttmann, 130 (114)), etc. [SYNONYMS: ζοων differs from θηρίον (at least etymologically; but cf. Schmidt as below) in giving prominence to the vital element, while θηρίον emphasizes the bestial element. Hence, in Revelation as above ζοων is fitly rendered living creature in contradistinction to the θηρίον beast, cf. Revelation 11:7; Revelation 13:1, etc. See Trench, § lxxxi.; Schmidt ii., chapter 70.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(Rec. ζῶον , v. LS, s.v.), -ου , τό

(< ζωός , alive),

[in LXX for H2416 (chiefly) and cognate forms; freq. in Wis;]

a living creature, an animal: Revelation 4:6-9; Revelation 5:6 ff. Revelation 6:1 ff. Revelation 7:11; Revelation 14:3; Revelation 15:7; Revelation 19:4; ζῴων τ . αἷμα , Hebrews 13:11; ἄλογα ζ ., 2 Peter 2:12, Judges 1:10.†

SYN.: θηρίον G2342, in which the brutal, bestial element is emphasized, and which is never used of sacrificial animals. On the other hand, ζ . is the more comprehensive, as expressing the vital element common to the whole anima] creation (v. Tr., Syn., LXXxi; Cremer, 274).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

With the use of ζῷον (for form, see Blass-Debrunner § 26) in Rev to denote ";a living creature,"; the symbol of the Divine immanence in Nature, as distinguished from θηρίον, ";a brute beast,"; we may compare the frequent reff. to ἱερὰ ζῷα in the papyri, e.g. P Tebt I. 5.78 (B.C. 118), where it is laid down that the expenses of the burial of Apis and Mnevis and τῶν ἄλλων ἱερῶν ζῴν (l. ζῴων) shall be defrayed by the Crown, and ib. 57.12 (B.C. 114), where reference is made to furnishing τὰς τῶν ἱερῶν ζώιων σειταγωγίας, ";the supplies of food for the sacred animals."; Cf. also P Oxy IX. 1188.4 (A.D. 13) ἐπὶ τῆ (ς) τῶν ἱερῶν ζῴων θήκης, and from the inscrr. OGIS 90.31 (the Rosetta stone—B.C. 196) τῶι τε Ἄπει καὶ τῶι Μνεύει πολλὰ ἐδωρήσατο καὶ τοῖς ἄλλοις ἱεροῖς ζώιοις τοῖς ἐν Αἰγύπτωι. In Aristeas 147 the reference is to ";tame birds";—τὰ τῶν προειρημένων πτηνῶν ἥμερα ζῷα. MGr ζῶο.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ζωα ζωά ζώα ζῷα ζωον ζώον ζώόν ζῷον ζωου ζώου ζῴου ζωων ζώων ζῴων zoa zōa zôia zō̂ia zôion zṓion zṓiōn zō̂ion zṓiou zoon zōon zōōn zoou zōou