the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2176 - εὐώνυμος
- of good name and of good omen
- in the latter sense used in taking auguries; but those omens were euphemistically called "euonumos" which in fact were regarded as unlucky, i.e. which came from the left, sinister omens, (for which a good name was desired)
- left, on the left hand
(A), ον, (ὄνομα)
1. of good name, honoured, Hes. Th. 409, Pi. O. 2.7, etc.; εὐ. χάρις the honour of a good name, Id. P. 11.58; δίκη.. μὴ εὐ. not creditable, Pl. Lg. 754e.
2. expressed in well-chosen terms, λόγος Luc. Lex. 1.
1. having an auspicious name or sound, ἀριστοκρατία Pl. Plt. 302d; πρόσρημα D.C. 52.4.
2. prosperous, fortunate, δίκα, πόδες, Pi. N. 7.48, 8.47, cf. Eust. 895.37.
3. epith. of Artemis, Ἀρχ. Ἐφ. 1914.20 (Gonni, iv/iii B.C.).
III euphem. (like ἀριστερός)
1. for left, on the left hand (because bad omens came from the left), ὠλένη εὐ. S. Tr. 926; ἐξ εὐωνύμου χειρός Hdt. 7.109; ἐξ εὐωνύμου (sc. χειρός) Id. 1.72; κατὰ τὰ εὐ. X. Lac. 11.10; εἰς τὰ εὐ. παρεκκλίνειν Arist. PA 666b7; ἐπὶ τὰ εὐ. ἀνακλίνεσθαι Id. HA 498a11; ἐξ -ωνύμων Matthew 20:21; as military term, τὸ εὐ. κέρας Hdt. 6.111, Th. 5.67, etc.; τὸ εὐ. (without κέρας) Th. 4.96.
2. euphem. of bad omens, opp. οἱ δεξιοὶ φύσιν, A. Pr. 490, cf. SIG 1167.3 (Ephesus, vi/v B. C.).
3. Astron., southerly, Cleom. 1.1.
(B), ἡ, spindle-tree, Euonymus europaeus, Plin. HN 13.118; τὸ εὐ. δένδρον Thphr. HP 3.18.13.
εὐώνυμος, εὐώνυμον (εὖ and ὄνομα);
1. of good name (Hesiod, Pindar), and of good omen (Plato, polit., p. 302 d.; legg. 6, p. 754 e.); in the latter sense used in taking auguries; but those omens were euphemistically called εὐώνυμα which in fact were regarded as unlucky, i. e. which came from the left, sinister omens (for which a good name was desired); hence,
2. left (so from Aeschylus and Herodotus down): Acts 21:3; Revelation 10:2; ἐξ εὐωνύμων (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 27, 3; § 19 under the word δεξιά; Buttmann, 89 (78)), on the left hand (to the left): Matthew 20:21, 23; Matthew 25:33, 41; Matthew 27:38; Mark 10:37 (R G L),
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εὐώνυμος , -ον
(εὖ , ὄνομα ),
[in LXX chiefly for H8040;]
1. of good name or omen.
2. Euphemistic for ἀριστερός , left: Acts 21:3, Revelation 10:2; ἐξ εὐωνύμων , on the left: Matthew 20:21; Matthew 20:23; Matthew 25:33; Matthew 25:41; Matthew 27:38, Mark 10:40; Mark 15:27.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
It is curious that, while δεξιός is common, εὐώνυμος does not occur at all in the indices to P Oxy I.—XII. and BGU I.—IV. For an interesting usage see the astrological P Ryl II. 63 cited s.v. δεξιός, and cf. Syll 801, a V/B.C. inscr. from Ephesus dealing with augury, where it is laid down that if a bird flying from right to left concealed its wing, it was a good omen (δεξιός), but if it raised its left wing (ἢν δὲ ἐπάρει τὴ [ν ε ]ὐώνυμον πτέρυγα), then, whether it raised or concealed the wing, it was of ill omen (εὐώνυμος).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.