the Fifth Week of Lent
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2168 - εὐχαριστέω
- to be grateful, feel thankful
- give thanks
1. bestow a favour on, oblige, τῷ δήμῳ τῷ Δηλίων IG 11 (4).665 (Delos, iii B.C.); τινι PPetr. 2p.4 (iii B.C.), PHib. 1.66.5 (iii B.C.).
2. to be thankful, return thanks, Decr. ap. D. 18.92, IPE 12.352.14 (Chersonesus, ii B.C.); τοῖς Αθηναίοις Posidon. 36 J., cf. Phld. Ir. p.92 W., al.; ἐπί τινι or περί τινος for a thing, Plb. 4.72.7, D.S. 16.11, etc.; esp. to the gods, ἐπὶ τῷ ἐρρῶσθαί σε τοῖς θεοῖς εὐ. UPZ 59.10 (ii B.C.), cf. LXX Ju. 8.25, 1 Corinthians 1:4, etc.: — Pass., to be thanked, ηὐχαρίστηται κεραυνοῖς Hp. 17; to be received with thanks, 2 Corinthians 1:11.
3. pray, τῷ θεῷ περί τινος PLond. 2.413, 418 (iv A.D.).
εὐχαριστέω, εὐχαριστῶ; 1 aorist ἐυχαρίστησα (Acts 27:35) and ἠυχαρίστησα (Romans 1:21 G L T Tr WH; see references in εὐδοκέω, at the beginning); 1 aorist passive subjunctive 3 person singular εὐχαριστηθῇ (2 Corinthians 1:11); (εὐχάριστος, which see);
1. to be grateful, feel thankful; so in the decree of the Byzantines in Demosthenes pro cor., p. 257, 2.
2. to give thanks (so Posid. quoted in Athen. 5, p. 213 e.; Polybius, Diodorus, Philo, Josephus, Plutarch, Epictetus, others; cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 18 (Winer's Grammar, 23 (22))): τίνι, especially τῷ Θεῷ, Luke 17:16; Acts 27:35; Acts 28:15; Romans 14:6; Romans 16:4; 1 Corinthians 14:18 (see below); Philippians 1:3; Colossians 1:3, 12; Philemon 1:4; (with the accusative (hence, as the nominative) in the passive, ἵνα ... ὑπέρ τῶν ἀγαθῶν ὁ Θεός ἐυχαρίστηται, Philo, quis rer. div. her. § 36). simply, so that τῷ Θεῷ must be added mentally: Romans 1:21; (1 Corinthians 14:17); 1 Thessalonians 5:18; especially where the giving of thanks customary at the beginning of a feast, or in general before eating, is spoken of: Matthew 15:30; Matthew 26:27; Mark 8:6; Mark 14:23; Luke 22:17, 19; John 6:11, 23; 1 Corinthians 11:24; εὐχαριστεῖν τῷ Θεῷ διά Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, through Christ i. e. by Christ's help (because both the favors for which thanks are given and the gratitude which prompts the thanks are due to Christ (cf. Winer's Grammar, 378 (354) note)): Romans 1:8; Romans 7:2.) R WH marginal reading; Colossians 3:17; τῷ Θεῷ ἐν ὀνόματι Χριστοῦ (see ὄνομα, 2 c.), Ephesians 5:20. Of that for or on account of which thanks are given to God, we find — περί τίνος, the genitive of person, concerning, with regard to one (1 Thessalonians 1:2); 2 Thessalonians 1:3 (cf. Ellicott, in the place cited); with ὅτι added epexegetically, Romans 1:8 (where R G ὑπέρ); 2 Thessalonians 2:13; with addition of ἐπί and the dative of the thing for, on account of, which, 1 Corinthians 1:4; ὑπέρ τίνος, the genitive of person, Ephesians 1:16; ὑπέρ with the genitive of the thing, for, on account of, 1 Corinthians 10:30; Ephesians 5:20; the matter or ground of the thanksgiving is expressed by a following ὅτι: Luke 18:11; John 11:41; 1 Corinthians 1:14; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; Revelation 11:17; or is added asyndetically without ὅτι, 1 Corinthians 14:18 (λαλῶ L T Tr WH, for which R G λαλῶν, the participle declaring the cause which prompts to thanksgiving (Winers Grammar, 345f (324); Buttmann, 300 (258))). Once εὐχαριστεῖν τί, for a thing, in the passage 2 Corinthians 1:11 (cf. Buttmann, 148 (130); Winer's Grammar, 222 (209)); in the Fathers εὐχαριστεῖν τί is "to consecrate a thing by giving thanks, to 'bless'": ὁ ἐυχαριστηθεις ἄρτος καί οἶνος, Justin Martyr, Apology 1, 65 at the end; ἐυχαριστηθεισα τροφή, ibid.
c. 66; εἰσιν οἱ ἐυχαριστουσι ψιλον ὕδωρ, Clement of Alexandria, strom. i., p. 317, Sylb. edition; (cf. Suicer, Thesaurus i., 1269. "The words εὐχάριστος, εὐχαριστεῖν, εὐχαριστία, occur in St. Paul's writings alone of the apostolic Epistles" (Lightfoot; cf. Ellicott on Colossians 1:12)).
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** εὐχαριστέω , -ῶ ,
[in LXX: Judith 8:25 Wisdom of Solomon 18:2, 2 Maccabees 1:11; 2 Maccabees 10:7 A 2 Maccabees 12:31 R, 3 Maccabees 7:16*;]
to be thankful, give thanks (chiefly in late writers and Inscr.; cf. Milligan, Th., 5; Ellic. on Colossians 1:12; Lft., Notes, 9): Romans 1:21, 1 Corinthians 14:17, 1 Thessalonians 5:18; of giving thanks before meat, Matthew 15:36; Matthew 26:27, Mark 8:6; Mark 14:23, Luke 22:17; Luke 22:19, John 6:11; John 6:23, 1 Corinthians 11:24; c. dat. pens., τ . θεῷ , Luke 17:16, Acts 27:35; Acts 28:15, Romans 14:6; Romans 16:4, 1 Corinthians 14:18, Philippians 1:3, Colossians 1:3; Colossians 1:12, Philemon 1:4; seq. διὰ Ἰ . Χριστοῦ , Romans 1:8; Romans 7:25 R, WH, mg., Colossians 3:17; ἐν ὀνόματι Χρ ., Ephesians 5:20; seq. περί , 1 Thessalonians 1:2, 2 Thessalonians 1:3; ὅτι , Romans 1:8, 2 Thessalonians 2:13; ἐπι , c. dat. rei, 1 Corinthians 1:4; ὐπέρ , 1 Corinthians 10:30, Ephesians 1:16; Ephesians 5:20; ὅτι , Luke 18:11, John 11:41, 1 Corinthians 1:14, 1 Thessalonians 2:13, Revelation 11:17; pass. (Deiss., BS, 122 f.), 2 Corinthians 1:11.†
SYN.: see αἰνέω G134; and cf. Cremer, 903 f.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
εὐχαριστέω was originally = ";do a good turn to,"; ";oblige,"; as in P Petr II. 2 (4).6 (c. B.C. 260) (= Witkowski.2, p. 24) εὐχαριστήσεις μοι, ";gratiam meam merebis, gratiam tibi habebo,"; ib. 15 (3).7 (B.C. 241–39) τοῦτο δὲ ποιήσας εὐχαριστήσεις ἡμῖν, ";by doing this you will oblige us"; (Ed.), P Hib I. 66.5 (B.C. 228) ὥστε σε μὴ διὰ κενῆς εὐχαριστῆσαι ἡμ [ῖν, ";so that you shall not oblige me to no purpose"; (Edd.), P Eleph 13.7 (B.C. 223–2) εὐχαριστήσεις οὖμ μοι σαυτοῦ τε ἐπιμελόμενος, ";oblige me by taking care of yourself"; (on the use of the fut. see Proleg. p. 177). In late Greek this passed readily into the meaning ";be grateful,"; ";give thanks"; : cf. Lob. Phryn. p. 18 ";pro gratias agere ante Polybium usurpavit nemo."; Thus we have P Amh II. 133.2 (early ii/A.D.) πρὸ τῶν ὅλων ἀσπάζομαί σε καὶ εὐχαριστῶ σοι ὅτι ἐδήλωσάς μοι στὴν (l. τὴν) ὑγείαν σου, P Oxy I. 71 i. 22 (A.D. 303) πρὸς τὸ δυνηθῆναί με τὰ ἴδια ἀπολαβεῖν καὶ τὴ [ν ] τ ̣υ ̣χ ̣ην σου εὐχαρειστῖν, ";so I shall be enabled to recover my property and acknowledge my gratitude to your excellency"; (Edd.), and more particularly with a religious reference, P Lond I. 42.11 (B.C. 168) (= I. p. 30, Selections, p. 10) ἐπὶ (cf. 1 Corinthians 1:4) μὲν τῶι ἐρρῶσθα [ί ] σε εὐθέως τοῖς θεοῖς εὐχαρίστουν, ";I immediately gave thanks to the gods that you were well,"; P Tebt I. 56.9 (late ii/B.C.) καλῶς οὖν ποήσῃς εὐχαριστῆσαι πρῶτον μὲν τοῖς θεοῖς, δεύτερον δὲ σῶσαι ψυχὰς πολλάς, BGU II. 423.6 (ii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 90) εὐχαριστῶ τῷ κυρίῳ Σεράπιδι, ὅτι μου κινδυνεύσαντος εἰς θάλασσαν ἔσωσε, and from the inscrr. Syll 807 as cited s.v. ἀναβλέπω (cf. Luke 17:16). See also Ramsay ExpT x. p. 54 for the prevalence of the formula εὐχαριστῶ τῇ θεῷ in votive inscrr., recalling at once the Pauline εὐχαριστῶ τῷ θεῷ μου. [On the place of ";thanksgiving"; in early letters, and the correspondence suggested with the outward form of the Pauline Epistles, cf. Deissmann LAE, p. 168 n..3, Milligan Documents, p. 93.] With the use of the passive in 2 Corinthians 1:11, Deissmann (BS, p. 122) compares the mutilated P Petr II. 2 (4).8 (B.C. 260–59) εὐχαριστηθείς μοι. In still another set of passages εὐχαριστέω passes into the meaning ";pray,"; as P Lond 413.3 (c. A.D. 346) (= II. p. 301) ε [ὐ ]χ [αρ ]ειστῶ (εὐχαριστῶ GH) τῷ θεῷ περὶ [τῆ ]ς σ [ωτ ]ηρίας, ib. 418.3 (c. A.D. 346) (= II. p. 303) εὐ ]χ ̣α ̣ρ ̣ι [σ ]τ [ο ]ῦμε τ [ῷ ] θεῷ π ̣ε ̣ρ ̣ι ̣̣ [τ ]ῆς ̣ ὁλοκληρα σε (? l. ὁλοκληρίας σου) (both as amended P Lond III. p. 387), and the vi/A.D. Christian amulet BGU III. 954.4 (= Selections, p. 132) εὐχαριστῶ ἐγὼ Σιλουανὸς υἱὸς Σαραπίωνος καὶ κλίνω τὴν κεφαλήν [μο ]υ καενώπιόν (l. κατεν —) σου. MGr εὐκαριστῶ, ";thank,"; ";satisfy.";
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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