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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2107 - εὐδοκία
- will, choice
- good will, kindly intent, benevolence
- delight, pleasure, satisfaction
- for delight in any absent thing easily produces longing for it
1. = cross εὐδόκησις, esp. of God, LXX 1 Chronicles 16:10, al., Luke 2:14, al.; good will, Philippians 1:15; contentment, Phld. Piet. 25.
2. object of desire, LXX Psa 144.16, Si. 18.31.
3. v.l. for cross εὐδοκιμίη in Hp. Praec. 6.
εὐδοκία, εὐδοκίας, ἡ (from εὐδοκέω, as εὐλογία from εὐλογέω), unknown to secular authors (Boeckh, Inscriptions 5960), found in the O. T. in some of the Psalms (for רָצון) and often in Sir.; on it cf. Fritzsche on Romans, ii., p. 371f; (especially Lightfoot on Philippians 1:15); properly,beneplacitum (Vulg. (edited by Clement.) Ephesians 1:9);
1. will, choice: Matthew 11:26; Luke 10:21 (on both passages see ἔμπροσθεν, 2 b.); Sir. 1:27 (
2. delight, pleasure, satisfaction: with the genitive of the thing that pleases, 2 Thessalonians 1:11; ἐν ἀνθρώποις εὐδοκία, either among men pleasure produced by salvation, or God's pleasure in men, Luke 2:14 R G Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading; ἄνθρωποι εὐδοκίας, men in whom God is well pleased (i. e. not a particular class of men (viz. believers), but the whole race, contemplated as blessed in Christ's birth), Luke 2:14. L T Tr text WH text (see WH's Appendix at the passage; Field, Otium Norv. iii. at the passage) (Psalm 144:16
3. desire (for delight in any absent thing easily begets a longing for it): Romans 10:1; cf. Philippi and Tholuck at the passage.
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† εὐδοκία , -ας , ἡ
(< εὐδοκέω , q.v.),
[in LXX: Psalms 5:12, al. (H7522), freq. in Sir; in Inscr. (I.G., 5960), LXX, and NT = εὐδόκησις (Died.);]
good pleasure, good-will, satisfaction, approval: Matthew 11:26, Luke 10:21, Romans 10:1, Ephesians 1:5; Ephesians 1:9, Philippians 1:15; Philippians 2:13; c. gen. obj., 2 Thessalonians 1:11 (v. Milligan, in l); ἐν ἀνθρώποις εὐδοκία , Rec., R, mg., WH, mg. (v. Field, Notes, 48 f.), Luke 2:14; -ας , Lk, l.c., R, txt., WH, txt. (v. ICC, in l; WH, App., in l).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
εὐδοκία is apparently confined to Jewish and Christian literature (to the usual reff. add Pss Sol 3.4, 8.39), but we can cite from our documents instances of the cognate noun εὐδόκησις, e.g. P Lond 289.35 (A.D. 91) (= II. p. 185) γεγωνεισμαι (l. γέγονε εἴς με) ἡ εὐδόκησις καθὼς προκῖται, P Oxy IX. 1200.35 (A.D. 266) οὐ προσδεόμενος ἑτέρας μου εὐδοκήσεως ἢ μεταλήμψεως, ";without requiring any further consent or concurrence from me"; (Ed.), and similarly ib. X. 1273.39 (A.D. 260). From the inscrr. we may cite Syll 929.108 (B.C. 139 ?) ἔλαβον εὐδόκησιν, and OGIS 335.122 (ii/B.C.) κατὰ τὴ [ν τοῦ δήμου ἐπιταγὴν καὶ τὴν βασιλέω ]ς εὐδόκησιν. All these passages confirm the meaning ";good pleasure,"; ";good will,"; which εὐδοκία seems to have in all its NT occurrences, even in Romans 10:1. On the important Luke 2:14 see Field Notes, p. 48 f., and for a defence of the reading of the TR and on εὐδοκία ἔμπροσθέν σου as ";a common periphrasis to avoid the anthropomorphism involved in God’s volition"; see McNeile on Matthew 11:26.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.