the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #205 - ἀκροθίνιον
- top of the heap, the first fruits
- best of the spoils or crops
- the Greeks customarily selected from the topmost part of the heaps and offered this to the gods
ἀκρο-θίνιον [ θῑ], τό,
E. Ph. 282, Th. 1.132, Pl. Lg. 946b; mostly pl. ἀκρο-θίνια or ἀκρό-θῑνα, Pi. N. 7.41, al.: sg. ἄκρο-θις, ἡ, acc. -θινα GDI 2561 D 47 Rüsch (Delph., iv B. C.): (ἄκρος, θίς): — topmost or best part of heap; hence, firstfruits of the field, booty, etc., offered to the gods, Simon. 109, Hdt. 1.86, 90, al., Pi.l.c., etc.; ἀ. τῆς Μαραθῶνι μάχης Michel 1117 (Delph.); ἀκρόθινα πολέμου, in Pi. O. 2.4, of the Olympic games, as founded from spoils taken in war, cf. ib. 10(11).57. — Properly neut. Adj., A. Eu. 834 ἀκροθίνια θύη offerings of firstfruits. Post- Hom., rare in early Prose.
ἀκροθίνιον, , τό (from ἄκρος extreme, and θίς, genitive θινός, a heap; extremity, topmost part of a heap), generally in plural τά ἀκροθίνια the first-fruits, whether of crops or of spoils (among the Greeks customarily selected from the topmost part of the heaps and offered to the gods, Xenophon, Cyril 7, 5, 35); in the Bible only once: Hebrews 7:4, of booty. (Pindar, Aeschylus, Herodotus, Thucydides, Plutarch, others.)
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* ἀκροθίνιον , -ου , τό
(<ἄκρος , θίς , a heap),
the top of a heap, hence, in pl.,
1. first fruits (Xen.; MM, VGT, s.v.).
2. In war, the choicest spoils (cf. Hdt., viii, 121 f.): Hebrews 7:4.†.
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The word is doubtfully restored in Syll 633.24 (ii/A.D.) where it is prescribed that the worshippers shall bring among other offerings κολλύβων χοίνικες δύο καὶ ἀκρο [θίνιον ?]. Cf. GDI 2561 d. .47 (Delphi, c. B.C. 395) τὠπόλλωνι τὰ ἀκρόθινα (pointed out by Prof. Thumb).
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Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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