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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1982 - ἐπισκιάζω

from (G1909) and a derivative of (G4639)
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  1. to throw a shadow upon, to envelop in a shadow, to overshadow
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5526 ‑ שָׂכַךְ (saw‑kak', saw‑kak');  7931 ‑ שָׁכַן (shaw‑kan');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 1
NAS (5)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 1
HCS (5)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 1
BSB (5)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 1
ESV (5)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 1
WEB (5)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


1. throw a shade upon, overshadow, τῇ [πτέρυγι] τὴν Ἀσίην Hdt. 1.209. cf. Arist. GA 780a30, Thphr. CP 2.18.3, Matthew 17:5 : c.dat., Thphr. Sens. 79, Mark 9:7 : Pass., Ph. 1.262, al.; opp. φωτίζειν, S.E. P. 1.141: Med., -σκιάζεσθαι τὸν ἥλιον to ward off the sun's rays, Gp. 5.29.3: metaph., conceal, obscure, ἀλήθειαν πλάσμασι μυθικοῖς Ph. 1.41, etc.; τὰ δεινὰ ἑτέροις ὀνόμασιν ἐ. Junc. ap. Stob. 4.50.95; τὴν θωπείαν, τὸν βίον, Luc. Hist.Conscr. 11, v.l. in Cal. 1: Pass., τῇ εὐγενεία Hdn. 2.10.3; λαθραῖον ὄμμ' ἐπεσκιασμένη keeping a hidden watch, S. Tr. 914.

2.. darken, obscure, Ph. 2.223 (Pass.): metaph., ἀφροσύνη ἐ. ψυχήν Id. 1.685, al.

3.. of the Divine presence, overshadow for protection, etc., τινί LXX Psalms 90:4(91).4; ἐπὶ τὴν κεφαλήν τινος ib. 139(140).8; δύναμις ὑψίστου ἐπισκιάσει σοι Luke 1:35.

4.. Pass., to be weak-sighted, Vett.Val. 111.1.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπισκιάζω; (imperfect ἐπεσκιαζον, Luke 9:34 L marginal reading T Tr text WH); future ἐπισκιάσω; 1 aorist ἐπεσκίασα; to throw a shadow upon, to envelop in shadow, to overshadow: τίνι, Acts 5:15. From a vaporous cloud that casts a shadow the word is transferred to a shining cloud surrounding and enveloping persons with brightness: τινα, Matthew 17:5; Luke 9:34; τίνι, Mark 9:7. Tropically, of the Holy Spirit exerting creative energy upon the womb of the virgin Mary and impregnating it (a use of the word which seems to have been drawn from the familiar O. T. idea of a cloud as symbolizing the immediate presence and power of God): with the dative Luke 1:35. (In secular authors generally with an accusative of the object and in the sense of obscuring: Herodotus 1, 209; Sophocles, Aristotle, Thcophr., Philo, Lucian, Herodian, Geoponica. the Sept. for סָכַך to cover, Psalm 90:4 (); Psalm 139:8 (); for שָׁכַן, Exodus 40:29-35ἐπεσκίαζεν ἐπί τήν σκηνήν νεφέλη; (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 52, 4, 7).)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπι -σκιάζω ,

[in LXX: Exodus 40:35 (H7931), Psalms 91:4; Psalms 140:7 (H5526), Proverbs 18:11 *;]

to throw a shadow upon, overshadow: c. dat., Acts 5:15; of a shining (Mt, l.c., and cf. Exodus 40:29; Exodus 40:35, 2 Maccabees 2:8) cloud, c. dat., Mark 9:7; c. acc, Matthew 17:5, Luke 9:34; metaph. (cf. Pss, Pr, ll.c.), of the Holy Spirit, Luke 1:35.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐπισκιάζω is found in the mid. in Vett. Val. p. 111.1 γίνονται δὲ ἑτερόχροες συγγενήματα ἔχοντες φαλακροὶ ἐπισκιαζόμενοι ἢ ὀφθαλμοπόνοι κτλ., and for the subst. see ib. pp. 3.9, 109.30, etc. The LXX usage is discussed by Anz Subsidia, p. 289, and Hatch Essays, p. 4.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επεσκιαζεν επεσκίαζεν ἐπεσκίαζεν επεσκίασας επεσκιασεν επεσκίασεν ἐπεσκίασεν επισκιάζει επισκιαζουσα επισκιάζουσα ἐπισκιάζουσα επισκιασει επισκιάσει ἐπισκιάσει επισκιάση ἐπισκιάσῃ epeskiasen epeskíasen epeskiazen epeskíazen episkiase episkiasē episkiasei episkiásei episkiásēi episkiazousa episkiázousa
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