the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #190 - ἀκολουθέω
- to follow one who precedes, join him as his attendant, accompany him
- to join one as a disciple, become or be his disciple
- side with his party
1. follow one, go after or with him, freq. of soldiers and slaves: — mostly c. dat. pers., Ar. Pl. 19, etc.; ἀ. τῷ ἡγουμένῳ Pl. R. 474c; with Preps., ἀ. μετά τινος Th. 7.57, Pl. La. 187e, Lys. 2.27, etc.; τοῖς σώμασι μετ' ἐκείνων ἠκολούθουν, ταῖς δ' εὐνοίαις μεθ' ὑμῶν ἦσαν Isoc. 14.15; ἀ. σύν τινι X. An. 7.5.3; κατόπιν τινός Ar. Pl. 13: rarely c. acc., Men. 558: abs., Pl. Plt. 277e, Thphr. Char. 18.8, etc.; ἀ. ἐφ' ἁρπαγήν, of soldiers, Th. 2.98; ἀκολουθῶν, ὁ, as Subst., = cross ἀκόλουθος 1, Men. Adul.Fr. 1.
2. of stars, follow in the diurnal rotation, Autol. 2.2.
1. follow, be guided by, τῇ γνώμῃ τινός Th. 3.38; τοῖς πράγμασιν, τοῖς τοῦ πολέμου καιροῖς, D. 4.39, 24.95; obey, τοῖς νόμοις And. 4.19: c. acc. neut., ἀ. ἅπαντα PLille 1.26.
2. follow the thread of a discourse, Pl. Phd. 107b, etc.
3. of things, follow upon, to be consequent upon, consistent with, εὐλογία.. εὐηθείᾳ ἀ. Id. R. 400e, cf. 398d; follow analogy of, Arist. HA 499a10, al. abs., to be consequent, ὡς γένους ὄντος τοῦ ἀεὶ ἀκολουθοῦντος Top. 128b4; as species to individual, GA 768b13.
4. abs., ἀκολουθεῖ it follows, Id. Cat. 14a31. — Not in Trag.: first in Hippon. 55, with ᾱ (s.v.l.), elsewhere ᾰ; takes place of ἕπομαι in later Greek.
ἀκολουθέω, (ῶ; future ἀκολουθήσω; imperfect ἠκολούθουν; 1 aorist ἠκολούθησα; perfect ἠκολούθηκα (Mark 10:28 L T Tr WH); (from ἀκόλουθος, and this from a copulative and κέλευθος road, properly, walking the same road);
1. to follow one who precedes, join him as his attendant, accompany him: Matthew 4:25; Matthew 8:19; Matthew 9:19; Matthew 27:55; Mark 3:7; Mark 5:24 (
2. to join one as a disciple, become or be his disciple; side with his party, (A. V. follow him): Matthew 4:20, 22; Matthew 9:9; Matthew 19:27; Mark 1:18; Mark 8:34; Luke 5:11, 27, etc.; John 8:12 (where Jesus likens himself to a torch which the disciple follows); οὐκ ἀκολούθει ἡμῖν he is not of our band of thy disciples, Mark 9:38 to cleave steadfastly to one, conform wholly to his example, in living and if need be in dying also: Matthew 10:38; Matthew 16:24; John 12:26; John 21:22. This verb is not found in the Epistles except in 1 Corinthians 10:4. As in the classics, it is joined mostly with a dative of the object; sometimes with μετά τίνος, Luke 9:49; Revelation 6:8 (Treg. marginal reading dative);
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ἀκολουθέω , -ῶ
(<ἀκόλονθος , following; < ἀ - Cop., κέλόνθος , poët., away),
[in LXX chiefly for H1980;]
to accompany, follow: Matthew 4:25, al. Metaph., of discipleship: Matthew 9:9, Mark 9:38, John 12:26, al. Absol.: Matthew 8:10; more freq., c. dat. (cl.), Matthew 8:1, al.; seq. μετά , c. gen. (cl.; Rutherford, N.Phr., 458 f.), Luke 9:49; ὀπίσω , C. gen. (Heb. H317 H1980), Matthew 10:38 (cf. ἐξ -, ἐπ -, κατ -, παρ -, συν -ἀκολουθέω ).
SYN.: (cl.) ἔπομαι , not in NT (v. Cremer, 80; MM, VGT, s.v.).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
ἀκολουθέω is still the word for ";following,"; in MGr (ἀκλουθῶ) : it is noteworthy that in a large batch of petitions in P Ryl II. 124–152, from Euhemeria (A.D. 28–42) we find the MGr form anticipated four times (ἐπηκλούθησε or -ηκότος). In the papyri the verb takes the place of ἕπομαι, which is also wanting in the NT, and in the LXX is confined to 3 Maccabees. In the most literal sense we have such passages as P Lond 131 recto.29 (A.D. 78–9) ( = I. p. 171) παιδ (ῶν) `b ἀκολουθούντων τοῖς ὄνοις. P Lille I. 1 verso.18 (B.C. 259) has an inanimate object : ἀκολουθήσουσι δὲ τοῖς προϋπάρχουσι χώμασι, ";they will follow up, continue, the existing banks."; For the thought of ";following"; to get a favour see BGU IV. 1079.10 (A.D. 41) ( = Selections, p. 39), ἀκολούθει δὲ Πτολλαρίωνι πᾶσαν ὥραν, ";stick to Ptollarion constantly"; : cf. l.26 μᾶλλον ἀκολουθῶν αὐτῷ δύνῃ ϕιλιάσαι αὐτῷ, ";rather stick to him, and so you may become his friend."; In P Petr III. 128.10 the verb is used of journey-money assigned to an official, ἐφόδοις τοῖς ἀκολουθοῦσι τῶι [ἐπιστά ]τηι. A striking parallel to the language of Matthew 19:27, and parallels, is to be found in an early papyrus Latin letter of recommendation discovered at Oxyrhynchus, P Oxy I. 32.10 ff. (ii/A.D.), ";reliquit enim su[o]s [e]t rem suam et actum et me secutus est."; If the letter can be regarded as a Christian letter, its value, in view of its age, would be unique : see Deissmann LAE, p. 182. For the adjective, see P Tebt II. 296.14 (A.D. 123) ἀκόλουθ (όν) ἐστι, ";it is consequently right"; (Edd.), and for the adverb, see P Tebt I. 33.2 (B.C. 112) ( = Selections, p. 30) φρόν ]τισον οὖν ἵνα γενή (ται) ἀκολούθως, ";take care therefore that action is taken in accordance with it,"; P Oxy I. 38.13 (A.D. 49–50) ἀκολούθως τοῖς ὑπὸ σοῦ, ";in accordance with what had been enacted by you"; : —the word is very common. The verb normally takes the dative. P Amh II. 62.2 (ii/B.C.) shows it absolute : εἰσὶν οἱ ἀκολουθοῦντες μαχαιρο (φόροι) Δίδνμος Λυσίμαχος κτλ. In P Lille I. 26.4 (iii/B.C.) we have an adverbial accus., εἰ μὴ ἀκολουθεῖς ἅπαντα. Note P Par p. 411 (Ptol.) Ἀμ ]μώνιον ἀκολουθοῦντά σοι ὀφθαλ [μοῖς. For ἀκ. μετά cf. Rutherford NP, p. 458 f., where the construction is shown to be Attic.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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