the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1374 - δίψυχος
- double minded
- wavering, uncertain, doubting
- divided in interest
double-minded, Ph. 2.663, James 1:8.
δίψυχος, διψυχον (δίς and ψυχή), double-minded;
a. wavering, uncertain, doubting: James 1:8 (οἱ δίψυχοι καί οἱ δισταζοντες περί τῆς τοῦ θοῦ δυνάμεως, Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 11, 2 [ET]; ταλαίπωροι εἰσιν οἱ δίψυχοι, οἱ δισταζοντες τήν ψυχήν (others τῇ ψυχή), ibid. 23, 3 [ET]; μή γίνου δίψυχος ἐν προσευχή σου, εἰ ἔσται ἤ οὐ, Apostolic Constitutions 7, 11; μή γίνου δίψυχος ἐν προσευχή σου, μακάριος γάρ ὁ μή διστασας, Ignatius ad. Heron. 7; (cf. references in Muller's note on the Epistle of Barnabas, 19, 5 [ET])).
b. divided in interest namely, between God and the world: James 4:8. Not found in secular writings. (Philo, fragment 2:663).
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*† δίψυχος , -ον
(< δίς , ψυχή ),
of two minds, wavering: James 1:8; James 4:8 (Cremer, 588; DB, iv, 528).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
δίψυχος is first found apparently in James 1:8; James 4:8, and may be regarded as a parallel case to διακρίνεσθαι = ";waver,"; see s.v. διακρίνω ad finem. The verb is found in Didache 4.4 οὐ διψυχήσεις, πότερον ἔσται ἢ οὔ. J. B. Mayor’s note (Comm. on James 1:8) shows how rapidly the word ";caught on"; with the sub-apostolic writers—Clement of Rome, ";Barnabas"; and especially Hermas. If James really coined it—and the manner of its appearance in both passages is quite in keeping with such a supposition—its occurrence in i/A.D. writers reinforces many arguments for the early date of Jas. Analogous words are well provided by Mayor. Among them is διχόνους in Philo, in the fragment from the heading of which Thayer cites δίψυχος itself. But can we be assured that Philo himself entitled the paragraph περὶ Δειλῶν καὶ Διψύχων ? Mayor’s silence suggests that he thinks otherwise. Cf. the MGr δίγνωμος, ";fickle.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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