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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #135 - αἴνιγμα

from a derivative of (G136) (in its primary sense)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
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  1. an obscure saying, enigma, riddle
  2. an obscure thing
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2420 ‑ חִידָה (khee‑daw');  8047 ‑ שַׁמָּה (sham‑maw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
1 Corinthians 1
NAS (1)
1 Corinthians 1
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
1 Corinthians 1
WEB (0)
WEB (1)
1 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

αἴνιγμα, ατος, τό,

I dark saying, riddle, Pi. Fr. 177, A. Pr. 610, etc., cf. LXX De. 28.37: freq. in pl., ἐξ αἰνιγμάτων in riddles, darkly, A. Ag. 1112, 1183; δι' αἰνιγμάτων Aeschin. 3.121 (v.l.), etc.; ἐν αἰνίγματι 1 Corinthians 13:12; αἴ. προβάλλειν, ξυντιθέναι, πλέκειν to make a riddle, Pl. Chrm. 162b, Ap. 27a, Plu. 2.988a; opp. διειπεῖν, εἰδέναι, S. OT 393, 1525; μαθεῖν E. Ph. 48.

II taunt, Aristaenet. 1.27.

III ambush (Theban), Palaeph. 4.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

αἴνιγμα, (τος, τό (common from (Pindar fragment 165 (190)) Aeschylus down; from αἰνίσσομαι or αἰνίττομαι τί, to express something obscurely (from αἶνος, which see));

1. an obscure saying, an enigma, Hebrew חִידָה (Judges 14:13, the Sept. πρόβλημα).

2. an obscure thing: 1 Corinthians 13:12, where ἐν αἰνίγματι is not equivalent to αἰνιγματικῶς, i. e., ἀμαυρῶς obscurely, but denotes the object in the discerning of which we are engaged, as βλέπειν ἐν τίνι, Matthew 6:4; cf. DeWette at the passage; the apostle has in mind Numbers 12:8 the Sept.: ἐν εἴδει καί οὐ δἰ αἰνιγμάτων. (Others take ἐν locally, of the sphere in which we are looking; others refer the passage to 1. and take ἐν instrumentally.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

αἴνιγμα , -τος , τό

(<αἰνίσσομαι , to speak in riddles; <αἰνός = δεινός , dread, strange),

[in LXX for H2420, Numbers 12:8 and always exc. Deuteronomy 28:37 (H8047;]

a dark saying, riddle: 1 Corinthians 13:12 (cf. Nu, l.c.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
αινίγμασι αινίγμασιν αινίγματα αινιγματι αινίγματι αἰνίγματι αινιγματισταί αινιγμάτων ainigmati ainígmati