the Fifth Week of Lent
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1261 - διαλογισμός
- the thinking of a man deliberating with himself
- a thought, inward reasoning
- purpose, design
- a deliberating, questioning about what is true
- hesitation, doubting
- disputing, arguing
I balancing of accounts, D. 36.23, PRLaws 17.17 (pl.), IG 5(1).1432.6 (Messene), etc.: hence,
II calculation, consideration, Pl. Ax. 367a; δ. λαβεῖν περὶ σφῶν αὐτῶν Str. 5.3.7; ὁ δ. οὗτος this consideration, Phld. D. 1.15.
III debate, argument, discussion, Epicur. Fr. 138 (pl.), Metrod. 37, Plu. 2.180c. circuit court, τοῦ νομοῦ δ. ποιῆσαι PLond. 2.358.19, cf. BGU 19i13 (ii A.D.). judicial inquiry, PTeb. 27.35 (ii B.C.), PFay. 66.2 (ii A.D.).
διαλογισμός, διαλογισμοῦ, ὁ (διαλογίζομαι), the Sept. for מַחֲשָׁבָה and Chaldean רַעְיון, in Greek writings from Plato down, the thinking of a man deliberating with himself; hence,
1. a thought, inward reasoning: Luke 2:35; Luke 5:22; Luke 6:8; Luke 9:46; Romans 14:1 (yet some bring this under 2); the reasoning of those who think themselves to be wise, Romans 1:21; 1 Corinthians 3:20; an opinion: κριταί διαλογισμῶν πονηρῶν, judges with evil thoughts, i. e. who follow perverse opinions, reprehensible principles, James 2:4 (cf. Winers Grammar, 187 (176)); purpose, design: Matthew 15:19; Mark 7:21.
2. a deliberating, questioning, about what is true: Luke 24:38; when in reference to what ought to be done, hesitation, doubting: χωρίς γογγυσμῶν καί διαλογισμῶν, Philippians 2:14 (`γογγυσμῶν is the moral, διαλογισμῶν the intellectual rebellion against God' Lightfoot); χωρίς ὀργῆς καί διαλογισμοῦ, 1 Timothy 2:8; (in the last two passages others still advocate the rendering disputing; yet cf. Meyer on Philippians the passage cited).
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δια -λογισμός , -οῦ , ὁ
(< διαλογίζομαι ),
[in LXX chiefly for H4284;]
a thought, reasoning, inward questioning: Matthew 15:19, Mark 7:21, Luke 2:35; Luke 5:22; Luke 6:8; Luke 9:46-47; Luke 24:38, Romans 1:21; Romans 14:1, 1 Corinthians 3:20 (LXX), Philippians 2:14; κριταὶ δ . πονηρῶν , gen. of qual. (cf. Proverbs 12:5), James 2:4; χωρὶς ὀργῆς καὶ δ . (where perh. δ ., like H4209, in Psalms 139:20, al., implies evil intention), 1 Timothy 2:8 (v. Hort, in l; cf. Cremer, 400).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The judicial reference of this word (see s.v. διαλογίζομαι) might perhaps be directly recognized in James 2:4, ";judges who give corrupt decisions."; It adds point to such NT passages as Philippians 2:14 χωρὶς γωγγυσμῶν καὶ διαλογισμῶν, 1 Timothy 2:8 χωρὶς ὀργῆς καὶ διαλογισμῶν, where the thought of outward disputing and discussion is uppermost. So BGU I. 19i. 13 (ii/A.D.) τῷ διεληλυθότι διαλογισμῷ ἐδικάσατο, ib. 226.22 (A.D. 99) ὅτ ̣αν ὁ κράτιστος ἡγεμὼν Πομπήιος Πλάντας τὸν τοῦ νομοῦ διαλογισμὸν ποιῆται πρὸς τὸ τυχῖν με τῆς ἀπὸ σοῦ βοηθείας, P Tebt I. 27.85 (B.C. 113) ἐπὶ τοῦ συσταθέντος πρὸς σὲ διαλογισμοῦ, ";at the inquiry instituted against you."; Add the heading ὁ διαλογι [σμὸς of P Oxy II. 294. (A.D. 22) (= Selections, p. 34) with reference to the hearing of a particular case, and P Fay 66.2, .4 (A.D. 185 or 217), where we read of fines imposed as the result of an official inquiry—ὑπ (ὲρ) ἐπιτί (μου) διαλογ (ισμοῦ) : also P Oxy IV. 726.12 (A.D. 135), ib. VII. 1032.21 (A.D. 162), P Tebt II. 407.12 (? A.D. 199), etc. In P Leid Bi. 13 (B.C. 164) the Twins at the Serapeum in Memphis make petition to Philometor for maintenance ὡς γ ]ραπτόν ἐστιν ἐν τοῖς ἀρχαίοις διαλογισμοῖς, where the noun presumably represents the ";original decisions"; or ";agreements"; made when they took office. In P Par 62iv. 13 (ii/B.C.) ὁ δὲ διαλογισμὸς τῆς ἐγλήψεως συσταθήσεται πρὸς αὐτοὺς κατὰ μῆνα, ἐκ τῶν πιπτόντων ἐπὶ τὴν τράπεζαν, the word = ";rationum relatio, depositio"; : see Witkowski’s note, Epp..2 p. 52. Similarly in P Rev L 17.17 τῶν δὲ διαλογισμῶν οὓς ἄ ̣[ν ποιή ]σηται ὁ οἰκονό [μ ]ος πρὸς τ [ο ]ὺς τὰς ὠνὰς ἔχοντας πάντων ἀντίγραφα ἑκάστω [ι ] τῶν κοινων [ῶ ]ν παραχρῆμα δότω σφραγισάμενος αὐτός : see Mayser’s list of reff., Gr. p. 437. We have no citations for the meaning ";thought,"; ";cogitation,"; common in LXX and NT, nor for ";dispute,"; though this lies near to the idea of argument in court. But the former is not ";peculiar to Biblical Greek,"; as is implied by Hatch Essays, p. 7f. : cf. φροντίδες καὶ διαλογισμοί in [Plato] Axiochus (p. 367A) and other citations in LS.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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