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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #111 - ἀθέμιτος
- contrary to law and justice, prohibited by law, illicit, criminal
ἄθεμ-ις, ιτος, ὁ, ἡ,
lawless, Pi. P. 3.32, 4.109, E. Ion 1903 (lyr.): Comp. -ίστερος Opp. H. 1.756.
(late form of ἀθέμιστος , LS, MM, VGT, s.v.), -ον (<θέμις , custom, right),
[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 6:5; 2 Maccabees 7:1; 2 Maccabees 10:34, 3 Maccabees 5:20*;]
(a) of persons, lawless (3Mac, l.c.);
(b) of things, lawless, unlawful: Acts 10:28, 1 Peter 4:3.†
SYN.: see ἄθεσμος G113.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This late form is found in P Tor I. 1ii. 22 (B.C. 116) αἷς [sc. θεαῖς ] ἀθέμιτά ἐστιν νεκρὰ σώματα, a passage which seems to support the rendering ";abominable"; in 1 Peter 4:3, and in consequence perhaps the Gentile destination of the Epistle : see Bigg’s note ad l. Vettius Valens the astrologer (ii/A.D.) tells us that under the influence of Saturn, Mars and Venus some people ἀθεμίτοις μίξεσι καὶ ἀδιαφόροις (";reckless";) ἀνεπιστρεπτοῦσι (p. 43.27) : the same writer (p. 184.5) speaks of men who ἀρνοῦνται τὰ θεῖα καὶ ἑτεροσεβοῦσι ἢ ἀθεμιτοφαγοῦσιν. The word is thus equivalent to nefastus.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany