the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1089 - γεύομαι
- to taste, to try the flavour of
- to taste
- i.e. perceive the flavour of, partake of, enjoy
- to feel, make trial of, experience
- to take food, eat, to take nourishment, eat
γεύω: (cf. Latingusto, German kosten; Curtius, § 131); to cause to taste, to give one a taste of, τινα (Genesis 25:30). In the N. T. only the middle γεύομαι: future γεύσομαι; 1 aorist ἐγευσάμην;
1. to taste, try the flavor of: Matthew 27:34; contrary to better Greek usage (cf. Winers Grammar, § 30, 7 c. (and p. 36; Anthol. Pal. 6, 120)) with the accusative of the object: John 2:9.
2. to taste, i. e. perceive the flavor of, partake of, enjoy: τίνος, Luke 14:24 (γεύσεται μου τοῦ δείπνου, i. e. shall partake of my banquet); hence, as in Greek writings from Homer down, equivalent to to feel, make trial of, experience: τίνος, Hebrews 6:4; ῤῆμα Θεοῦ, Hebrews 6:5, (τῆς γνώσεως, Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 36, 2 [ET]). as in Chaldean, Syriac, and rabbinical writers, γεύεσθαι τοῦ θανάτου (Winer's Grammar, 33 (32)): Matthew 16:28; Mark 9:1; Luke 9:27; John 8:52; Hebrews 2:9; (cf. Wetstein on Matthew, the passage cited; Meyer on John, the passage cited; Bleek, Lünem., Alford on Hebrews, the passage cited), followed by ὅτι: 1 Peter 2:3 (Psalm 33:9
3. to take food, eat: absolutely, Acts 10:10; Acts 20:11; cf. Kypke, Observations, ii., p. 47; to take nourishment, eat — (but substantially as above), with the genitive μηδενός, Acts 23:14; with the ellipsis of a genitive denoting unlawful food, Colossians 2:21.
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[in LXX chiefly for H2938;]
to make to taste. Mid., to taste, eat: absol., Acts 10:10; Acts 20:11, Colossians 2:21; c. gen., Matthew 27:34, Luke 14:24, Acts 23:14; c. acc (not cl., but v. Westc., Heb., l.c.; M, Pr., 66, 245), John 2:9. Metaph., Hebrews 6:4; ῥῆμα θεοῦ , Hebrews 6:5 (on case, v. supr., and cf. Milligan, NTD, 68); θανάτου (cf. Talmudic מִיתָה טַעַם ), Matthew 16:28, Mark 9:1, Luke 9:27, John 8:52, Hebrews 2:9; seq. ὅτι , 1 Peter 2:3 (Cremer, 148).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For γ . with genitive, cf. the standing formula in the libelli of the Decian persecution (A.D. 250) τῶν ἱερῶν ἐγευσάμην , e.g. P Oxy IV. 658.12 (= Selections, p. 116). With the acc., as in John 2:9 and in the LXX fairly often, it may be cited from Preisigke 1106 (Ptolemaic), where sundry officials καὶ οἱ συμπόσιον γευόμενοι join in a complimentary monument to their entertainer. See Abbott, Joh. Gr. p. 76 f.; and on the change of construction in Hebrews 6:4 f. see Milligan Documents, p. 68. The verb is used absolutely (as in Acts 10:10) in Preisigke 1944 (inscr. on a cup—Roman age) ἐκ τούτου ἐγευσάμην . The verbal occurs, negatived, in P Giss I. 19.12 (ii/A.D.) ἄ [γ ]ευστος ἐκοιμώμην , ";I was going to bed without bite or sup."; The noun from a compound may be observed in a small undated fragment, CPHerm 27 προσγεύσεως τ [ . . . : ἀρτοκόπῳ appears just below. MGr has γεύομαι still, = ";taste,"; ";eat.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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