the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1042 - γαββαθά
Gabbatha = "elevated or a platform"
- a raised place, elevation
The Hebrew word for Pavement occurs only once in the Old Testament. In 2 Kings 16:17 we read, "King Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the laver from off them; and took down the sea from off the brazen oxen that were under it, and put it upon the pavement of stones." In Ahaz's case his act was the conclusive token of his abject apostasy. So here of Pilate coming down to the apostate Jews. In the former case it was a Jewish ruler dominated by a Gentile idolater; in the latter, a Gentile idolater dominated by Jews who had rejected the Messiah! (John 19:13)
no Definition found
Γαββαθα (Γαββαθα WH), ἡ, indeclinable, Gabbatha, Chaldean גַּבְּתָא (Hebrew גַּב, the back); hence, a raised place, an elevation, (cf. C. F. A. Fritzsche, Ueber die Verdienste Tholucks as above with, p. 102f; Delitzsch in the Zeitschr. f. luth. Theol. for 1876, p. 605; (Wünsche, Neue Beitäge as above with p. 560); but see the somewhat different opinion of Keim, Jesu von Nazara, iii. 365): John 19:13, where is added the rather loose interpretation λιθόστρωτον, i. e. a stone pavement, which some interpreters think was a portable pavement, or the square blocks such as the Roman generals carried with them, to be laid down not only under their seats in general, but also under those they occupied in administering justice (cf. Suetonius, Julius Caesar 46 and Casaubon at the passage). This opinion is opposed by the circumstance that John is not accustomed to add a Greek interpretation except to the Hebrew names of fixed Jewish localities, cf. John 5:2; John 9:7; John 19:17; and that this is so in the present case is evident from the fact that he has said εἰς τόπον, i. e. in a definite locality which had that name. Besides, it cannot be proved that that custom of the military commanders was followed also by the governors of provinces residing in cities. Doubtless the Chaldaic name was given to the spot from its shape, the Greek name from the nature of its pavement. Cf. below under λιθόστρωτον; Winers RWB under the word Lithostroton; (BB. DD. under the word
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(Rec. -θᾶ ), ἡ ,
Gabbatha, the Greek transliteration of an uncertain Aramaic word (DB, s.v.; Dalman, Words, 7), used as the equivalent of λιθόστρωτον G3038, stone pavement: John 19:13.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.