the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1030 - βρυγμός
- a gnashing of teeth
- used to denote extreme anguish and utter despair of men consigned to eternal punishment in hell
- snarling, growling: in the sense of biting
I biting, ib. 716 (pl., v.l. βρυχμός); gobbling, Eup. 347; chattering, shivering, Hp. Vict. 3.84, Steril. 214, Euryphon ap. Gal. 17(1).888; β. ὀδόντων gnashing of teeth, Matthew 8:12, al.
II roaring of a lion, LXX Proverbs 19:12.
βρυγμός, βρυγμου, ὁ (βρύχω, which see), a gnashing of teeth: with τῶν ὀδόντων added, a phrase denoting the extreme anguish and utter despair of men consigned to eternal condemnation, Matthew 8:12; Matthew 13:42, 50; Matthew 22:13; Matthew 24:51; Matthew 25:30; Luke 13:28. (In Sir. 51:3 βρυγμός is attributed to beasts, which gnash the teeth as they attack their prey; in Proverbs 19:12 the Sept. for נַהַם snarling, growling; in the sense of biting, Nic. th. 716, to be derived from βρύκω to bite; cf. Fritzsche on Sirach, as above, p. 308.)
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βρυγμός , -οῦ , ὁ
(< βρύχω ),
[in LXX: Proverbs 19:12 (H5098), Sirach 51:3 *;]
a biting, a gnashing of teeth: Matthew 8:12; Matthew 13:42; Matthew 13:50; Matthew 22:13; Matthew 24:51; Matthew 25:30, Luke 13:28.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Thayer seems to have overlooked the citation from Eupolis (v/B.C.) given in LS.8, so that his oldest profane citation is later than LXX, and has moreover a different sense, ";biting."; He does not however include it in his list of ";Biblical"; words, so that no harm is done by the oversight.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.