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Today in Christian History
Death of Chrodegang, an eminent French bishop who had labored to bring the French liturgy into conformity with the Roman Catholic; had promoted Gregorian chant; restored and founded churches, abbeys, and other religious institutions; elevated the standard of learning among the clergy; urged use of the Benedictine Rule by monks; and encouraged Pepin (king of the Franks) to protect Rome.
Tommaso Parentucelli is elected pope, and takes the name Nicholas V. Nicholas, a great lover of literature and the arts, will exert much effort to improve Rome as a fitting home for a great Christian civilization. He will grant a charter for the University of Glasgow, Scotland. His Concordat of Vienna will secure the papacy the right to control benefices and sees.
Philip III, King of Spain, issues the Cedula Magna (Great Decree) that says Indians should be as free as Spaniards. Under this and other decrees, Jesuits work among the Indians of Brazil and Paraguay to protect and train Indians.
In Germany, the Edict of Restitution ordered that all church property secularized since 1552 be restored to the Roman Catholic Church.
Pope Urban VIII forbids the reading of Augustinus, a Jansenist book.
English revivalist George Whitefield wrote in a letter: 'The renewal of our natures is a work of great importance. It is not to be done in a day. We have not only a new house to build up, but an old one to pull down.'
Death in Oslo of Norwegian editor and hymnwriter, Elevine Heede. Altogether she had written or translated more than two hundred hymns.
Death at Battle Creek, Michigan, of Uriah Smith, a prominent author, pastor, educator, and editor in the early Seventh-day Adventist Church. He wrote Thoughts on Daniel and the Revelation that represents their prophetic views, edited their Review and Herald, and helped found Battle Creek College, where he taught Bible classes. Some of his writings included anti-trinitarian views.
Death of Lutheran pastor Martin Niemoller, a founder of Germany's Confessing Church and an opponent of the Nazis, who imprisoned him for many years.
Death in Ghana of Solomon Enoch Yaw Opam, a Seventh Day Adventist leader, who had rejected kingship when his people tried to force him to assume the throne. He said "My kingdom is not of this earth." He had been a pastor, educator, translator, and evangelist among his people.
© 1987-2020, William D. Blake. Portions used by permission of the author, from "Almanac of the Christian Church"