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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Paran

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  1. Desert, corresponding to the present Badiyyat al-Tih, bounded on the north by the Jabal al-Makhrah, on the south by the watershed toward the Sinai Peninsula, on the east by the mountains of Wadi al-'Arabah, and on the west by the Wadi al-'Arish. Ishmael is said to have settled here after his separation from Abraham (Genesis 21:21). The Israelites went there on leaving the territory of Sinai, and the spies went thence into Canaan (Numbers 10:12, 13:3). David went to Paran after having made peace with Saul (1 Samuel 25:1). In the Roman period a highway led through this desert, according to the "Tabula Peutingeriana" (ed. Miller, 1888), but now Al-Tih is a desolate waste.
  2. Locality near the southern boundary of Canaan, between Israel and Edom. Moses repeated the Law to the Israelites "between Paran and Tophel" (Deuteronomy 1:1), and the Edomite Hadad stopped at Paran when fleeing before Solomon to Egypt (1 Kings 11:18). According to the "Onomasticon" of Eusebius (ed. Lagarde, p. 298), this place is identical with the present Ḳal'at al-Naḥ
  3. Mountain or mountain range. "Yhwh shined forth from Mount Paran" (Deuteronomy 33:2), and "the Holy One [came] from Mount Paran" (Habakkuk 3:3). This mountain or mountain range may be identical with the mountains surrounding the present Wadi al-'Arabah.
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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Paran'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tje/p/paran.html. 1901.

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