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The Nuttall Encyclopedia
Charles VII., the Victorious
Son of Charles VI., became king of France in 1422; at his accession the English held possession of almost the whole country, and he indolently made no attempt to expel them, but gave himself up to effeminate indulgences; was about to lose his whole patrimony when the patriotism of the nation woke up at the enthusiastic summons of Joan of Arc; her triumphs and those of her associates weakened the English domination, and even after her death the impulse she gave continued to work, till at the end of 20 years the English were driven out of France, and lost all they held in it except the town of Calais, along with Havre, and Guines Castle (1403-1461).
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Charles VII., the Victorious'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/c/charles-vii-the-victorious.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.
the Second Week of Advent