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1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
Friedrich Julius Hammer
FRIEDRICH JULIUS HAMMER (1810-1862), German poet, was born on the 7th of June 1810 at Dresden. In 1831 he went to Leipzig to study law, but devoted himself mainly to philosophy and belles lettres. Returning to Dresden in 1834 a small comedy, Das seltsame Friihstiick, introduced him to the literary society of the capital, notably to Ludwig Tieck, and from this time he devoted himself entirely to writing. In 1837 he returned to Leipzig, and, coming again to Dresden, from 1851 to 1859 edited the feuilleton of Seichsische konstitutionelle Zeitung, and took the lead in the foundation in 1855 of the Schiller Institute in Dresden. His marriage in 1851 had made him independent, and he bought a small property at Pillnitz, on which, soon after his return from a residence of several years at Nuremberg, he died, on the 23rd of August 1862.
Hammer wrote, besides several comedies, a drama Die Briider (1856), a number of unimportant romances, and the novel Einkehr and Umkehr (Leipzig, 1856); but his reputation rests upon his epigrammatic and didactic poems. His Schau' um dick, and schau' in dick (1851), which made his name, has passed through more than thirty editions. It was followed by Zu alien guten Stunden (1854), Fester Grund (1857), Auf stillen Wegen (1859), and Lerne, liebe, lebe (1862). Besides these he wrote a book of Turkish songs, Unter dem Halbrnond (Leipzig, 1860), and rhymed versions of the psalms (1861), and compiled the popular religious anthology Leben and Heimat in Gott, of which a 14th edition was published in 1900.
See C. G. E. Am Ende, Julius Hammer (Nuremberg, 1872).
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Chisholm, Hugh, General Editor. Entry for 'Friedrich Julius Hammer'. 1911 Encyclopedia Britanica. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/bri/f/friedrich-julius-hammer.html. 1910.
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