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Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types

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All the offerings described in the Scriptures are connected directly or indirectly with CHRIST JESUS. Most of them are pictures of the work of the Saviour in one form or another. In Ephesians 5:2 we read that CHRIST is our offering and our sacrifice. The offering is that which we give to GOD because we love Him, honor Him and trust Him. The sacrifice is that which is given to GOD in exchange for redemption, forgiveness and His other gifts.

The Passover lamb was a sacrifice, not an offering. The offerings and that which they represent are given as follows:

Wave Offering Exodus 29:24 (c) This is typical of presenting before GOD all the beauties and the virtues of the Lord JESUS CHRIST as the One in whom we trust and in whom we delight in lieu of anything in ourselves.

Leviticus 23:17,20 (c) You will notice that these loaves are baked with leaven, for they represent the person of the offerer. There is always sin in us. We are never sinless. Therefore, the offering that represents us contains leaven which is always an evil substance. There was no leaven in any of the other offerings which represent the Lord JESUS.

Burnt Offering Leviticus 1:3 (c) This represents the offering of the entire person of the Lord JESUS to be accepted instead of our entire person. We receive the blessings of His perfection and GOD accepts His perfection in the place of our imperfection.

Drink Offering Genesis 35:14 (c) This type represents the utter consecration of the believer who pours out all his life for the service of his Lord.

Meat Offering Leviticus 2:1 (c) This is a picture of the beautiful, smooth life of the Lord JESUS CHRIST offered to GOD instead of the horrible, rough life that we have lived. (We are saved by His life Romans 5:10). This is the same as the "meal" offering.

Peace Offering Leviticus 3:1 (c) By this is illustrated the way in which our Lord JESUS by the sacrifice of Himself made peace for us by the Blood of His Cross. ( Colossians 1:20).

Ignorance Offering Leviticus 4:2 (c) Here is revealed the sweetness of GOD's care in that the sacrifice of CHRIST is efficacious for the sins which are committed unknowingly and therefore are not confessed.

Trespass Offering Leviticus 5:6 (c) This offering is for the actual sins which are committed day by day and must be met by the sacrifice of our blessed Lord. "Christ died for our sins" ( 1 Corinthians 15:3). This relates to our conduct rather than to our character.

Sin Offering Leviticus 5:17 (c) This type represents the suffering of the Lord JESUS for sinners. This relates to our character rather than to our conduct.

Heave Offering Numbers 18:24 (c) This is a type of that which is offered to the Lord of our gifts, talents, activities, etc., which shows Him that we love Him and are happy to give to Him.

All the above types are summed up as pictures and types of our Lord JESUS in Ephesians 5:2, where we read that He "hath given Himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet smelling savour."

Bibliography Information
Watson, Walter. Entry for 'Offering'. Wilson's Dictoinary of Bible Types. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​wdt/​o/offering.html. 1957.
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