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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words

Male

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A. Noun.

Zâkâr (זָכָר, Strong's #2145), “male.” Cognates of this word appear in Akkadian, Aramaic, and Arabic. It occurs 82 times and usually in early prose (Genesis through Deuteronomy), only 5 times in the biblical prophets, and never in biblical wisdom or poetical literature.

Zâkâr emphasizes “maleness” as over against “femaleness”; this word focuses on the sex of the one so named. Thus, “God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them” (Gen. 1:27). The word can be used not only of an “adult male” but also of a “male child” (Lev. 12:7). Zâkâr is used collectively in many passages—in singular form, with a plural reference (Judg. 21:11).

In some contexts the word represents a “male animal”: “And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive with thee; they shall be male and female” (Gen. 6:19).

B. Adjective.

Zâkâr (זָכָר, Strong's #2145), “male.” Sometimes zâkâr is used as an adjective: “Number all the firstborn of the males of the children of Israel from a month old and upward …” (Num. 3:40). The word appears in Jer. 20:15: “A man child is born unto thee; making him very glad.”

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Male'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/vot/m/male.html. 1940.

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