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Bible Dictionaries

Morrish Bible Dictionary

South

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In the Bible, as we might expect, the points of the compass are spoken of as they refer to the land of Palestine. The south would therefore indicate the part of the land which contained Judah's and Simeon's portions, or to the district still further south, a country little known. Genesis 12:9 . It is called negeb in the Hebrew. Two other words are yamin and teman, signifying 'the right hand,' and are translated 'south' because the Israelites considered themselves as looking toward the East when speaking of the points of the compass. 1 Samuel 23:19,24; Psalm 89:12; Joshua 12:3; Joshua 13:4; Psalm 78:26; Isaiah 43:6 . Another word is darom, 'bright, sunny region,' hence 'the south.' Deuteronomy 33:23; Job 37:17; Ezekiel 40:24-45 . In the N.T., except in Acts 8:26 (where the word is μεσημβρία,'mid-day,' because the sun is then in the south: as the Latin meridies, 'mid-day,' also signifies 'south'), the word is νότος, 'the south.' Matthew 12:42; etc.

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Bibliography Information
Morrish, George. Entry for 'South'. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/mbd/s/south.html. 1897.

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