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Morrish Bible Dictionary
The first thought in priesthood is that those appointed might minister to the Lord in the priests' office, that they might be a company in nearness to and in communion with the Lord. God had said of Israel that He had brought them to Himself, and redemption had been accomplished; but the people, having placed themselves under law, could not be in nearness, and needed the priesthood to maintain their relations with God, and to help them by the way. The high priest was appointed that he might offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins, and might exercise forbearance towards the ignorant and the erring Hebrews 5:1,2 . The priest was to teach the children of Israel all the statutes which the Lord had spoken. Leviticus 10:11 . He was the messenger of the Lord of hosts. Malachi 2:7 . He offered up the sacrifices, and blessed the people. Leviticus 9 . He daily offered incense and attended to the lamps of the 'candlestick.' Minute instructions were given by God respecting everything the priest had to do, nothing being left for his own individual devising. Ample provision was made for the priests in portions of the sacrifices being given to them and by the first-fruits. After the death of Nadab and Abihu, Aaron was allowed to enter the holiest of all only once a year, and then not without blood. Leviticus 16:1,2 . Whenever he officiated in the sanctuary in his garments of glory and beauty, the people were also presented, for in his breastplate and on the shoulder-pieces were the names of the children of Israel. Proper priestly work for the people was not to work out redemption for them, but to maintain their relations with God.See MELCHISEDEC.
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Morrish, George. Entry for 'Aaronic Priesthood'. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/mbd/a/aaronic-priesthood.html. 1897.