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Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Job 11

CHAPTER 11

FIRST SERIES.

:-. FIRST SPEECH OF ZOPHAR.

Verse 2

2. Zophar assails Job for his empty words, and indirectly, the two friends, for their weak reply. Taciturnity is highly prized among Orientals (Proverbs 10:8; Proverbs 10:19).

Verse 3

3. lies—rather, "vain boasting" (Isaiah 16:6; Jeremiah 48:30). The "men" is emphatic; men of sense; in antithesis to "vain boasting."

mockest—upbraidest God by complaints, "shall no man make thee ashamed?"

Verse 4

4. doctrine—purposely used of Job's speeches, which sounded like lessons of doctrine (Deuteronomy 32:2; Proverbs 4:2).

thine—addressed to God. Job had maintained his sincerity against his friends suspicions, not faultlessness.

Verse 6

6. to that which is!—Rather, "they are double to [man's] wisdom" [MICHAELIS]. So the Hebrew is rendered ( :-). God's ways, which you arraign, if you were shown their secret wisdom, would be seen vastly to exceed that of men, including yours (1 Corinthians 1:25).

exacteth—Rather, "God consigns to oblivion in thy favor much of thy guilt."

Verse 7

7. Rather, "Penetrate to the perfections of the Almighty" (Job 9:10; Psalms 139:6).

Verse 8

8. It—the "wisdom" of God (Job 11:6). The abruptness of the Hebrew is forcible: "The heights of heaven! What canst thou do" (as to attaining to them with thy gaze, Psalms 139:8)?

know—namely, of His perfections.

Verse 10

10. cut off—Rather, as in :-, "pass over," as a storm; namely, rush upon in anger.

shut up—in prison, with a view to trial.

gather together—the parties for judgment: hold a judicial assembly; to pass sentence on the prisoners.

Verse 11

11. ( :-).

consider—so as to punish it. Rather, from the connection, :-, "He seeth wickedness also, which man does not perceive"; literally, "But no (other, save He) perceiveth it" [UMBREIT]. God's "wisdom" ( :-), detects sin where Job's human eye cannot reach ( :-), so as to see any.

Verse 12

12. vain—hollow.

would be—"wants to consider himself wise"; opposed to God's "wisdom" (see on Job 11:1); refuses to see sin, where God sees it (Romans 1:22).

wild ass's colt—a proverb for untamed wildness (Job 39:5; Job 39:8; Jeremiah 2:24; Genesis 16:12; Hebrew, "a wild-ass man"). Man wishes to appear wisely obedient to his Lord, whereas he is, from his birth, unsubdued in spirit.

Verse 13

13. The apodosis to the "If" is at Job 11:15. The preparation of the heart is to be obtained (Job 11:15- :) by stretching out the hands in prayer for it (Psalms 10:17; 1 Chronicles 29:18).

Verse 14

14. Rather, "if thou wilt put far away the iniquity in thine hand" (as Zaccheus did, :-). The apodosis or conclusion is at :-, "then shalt thou," &c.

Verse 15

15. Zophar refers to Job's own words (Job 10:15), "yet will I not lift up my head," even though righteous. Zophar declares, if Job will follow his advice, he may "lift up his face."

spot— (Job 10:15- :).

steadfast—literally, "run fast together," like metals which become firm and hard by fusion. The sinner on the contrary is wavering.

Verse 16

16. Just as when the stream runs dry (Job 6:17), the danger threatened by its wild waves is forgotten (Job 6:17- :) [UMBREIT].

Verse 17

17. age—days of life.

the noon-day—namely, of thy former prosperity; which, in the poet's image, had gone on increasing, until it reached its height, as the sun rises higher and higher until it reaches the meridian ( :-).

shine forth—rather, "though now in darkness, thou shall be as the morning"; or, "thy darkness (if any dark shade should arise on thee, it) shall be as the morning" (only the dullness of morning twilight, not nocturnal darkness) [UMBREIT].

Verse 18

18. The experience of thy life will teach thee there is hope for man in every trial.

dig—namely, wells; the chief necessity in the East. Better, "though now ashamed (Romans 5:5, opposed to the previous 'hope'), thou shalt then rest safely" [GESENIUS];

Verse 19

19. (Psalms 4:8; Proverbs 3:24; Isaiah 14:30); oriental images of prosperity.

make suit—literally, "stroke thy face," "caress thee" (Isaiah 14:30- :).

Verse 20

20. A warning to Job, if he would not turn to God.

The wicked—that is, obdurate sinners.

eyes . . . fail—that is, in vain look for relief ( :-). Zophar implies Job's only hope of relief is in a change of heart.

they shall not escape—literally, "every refuge shall vanish from them."

giving up of the ghost—Their hope shall leave them as the breath does the body ( :-).

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/jfb/job-11.html. 1871-8.