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2. Zophar assails Job for his empty words, and indirectly, the two friends, for their weak reply. Taciturnity is highly prized among Orientals (Proverbs 10:8; Proverbs 10:19).
3. lies—rather, "vain boasting" (Isaiah 16:6; Jeremiah 48:30). The "men" is emphatic; men of sense; in antithesis to "vain boasting."
mockest—upbraidest God by complaints, "shall no man make thee ashamed?"
4. doctrine—purposely used of Job's speeches, which sounded like lessons of doctrine (Deuteronomy 32:2; Proverbs 4:2).
thine—addressed to God. Job had maintained his sincerity against his friends suspicions, not faultlessness.
6. to that which is!—Rather, "they are double to [man's] wisdom" [MICHAELIS]. So the Hebrew is rendered ( :-). God's ways, which you arraign, if you were shown their secret wisdom, would be seen vastly to exceed that of men, including yours (1 Corinthians 1:25).
exacteth—Rather, "God consigns to oblivion in thy favor much of thy guilt."
7. Rather, "Penetrate to the perfections of the Almighty" (Job 9:10; Psalms 139:6).
8. It—the "wisdom" of God (Job 11:6). The abruptness of the Hebrew is forcible: "The heights of heaven! What canst thou do" (as to attaining to them with thy gaze, Psalms 139:8)?
know—namely, of His perfections.
10. cut off—Rather, as in :-, "pass over," as a storm; namely, rush upon in anger.
shut up—in prison, with a view to trial.
gather together—the parties for judgment: hold a judicial assembly; to pass sentence on the prisoners.
11. ( :-).
consider—so as to punish it. Rather, from the connection, :-, "He seeth wickedness also, which man does not perceive"; literally, "But no (other, save He) perceiveth it" [UMBREIT]. God's "wisdom" ( :-), detects sin where Job's human eye cannot reach ( :-), so as to see any.
would be—"wants to consider himself wise"; opposed to God's "wisdom" (see on Job 11:1); refuses to see sin, where God sees it (Romans 1:22).
wild ass's colt—a proverb for untamed wildness (Job 39:5; Job 39:8; Jeremiah 2:24; Genesis 16:12; Hebrew, "a wild-ass man"). Man wishes to appear wisely obedient to his Lord, whereas he is, from his birth, unsubdued in spirit.
13. The apodosis to the "If" is at Job 11:15. The preparation of the heart is to be obtained (Job 11:15- :) by stretching out the hands in prayer for it (Psalms 10:17; 1 Chronicles 29:18).
14. Rather, "if thou wilt put far away the iniquity in thine hand" (as Zaccheus did, :-). The apodosis or conclusion is at :-, "then shalt thou," &c.
15. Zophar refers to Job's own words (Job 10:15), "yet will I not lift up my head," even though righteous. Zophar declares, if Job will follow his advice, he may "lift up his face."
spot— (Job 10:15- :).
steadfast—literally, "run fast together," like metals which become firm and hard by fusion. The sinner on the contrary is wavering.
16. Just as when the stream runs dry (Job 6:17), the danger threatened by its wild waves is forgotten (Job 6:17- :) [UMBREIT].
17. age—days of life.
the noon-day—namely, of thy former prosperity; which, in the poet's image, had gone on increasing, until it reached its height, as the sun rises higher and higher until it reaches the meridian ( :-).
shine forth—rather, "though now in darkness, thou shall be as the morning"; or, "thy darkness (if any dark shade should arise on thee, it) shall be as the morning" (only the dullness of morning twilight, not nocturnal darkness) [UMBREIT].
18. The experience of thy life will teach thee there is hope for man in every trial.
dig—namely, wells; the chief necessity in the East. Better, "though now ashamed (Romans 5:5, opposed to the previous 'hope'), thou shalt then rest safely" [GESENIUS];
19. (Psalms 4:8; Proverbs 3:24; Isaiah 14:30); oriental images of prosperity.
make suit—literally, "stroke thy face," "caress thee" (Isaiah 14:30- :).
20. A warning to Job, if he would not turn to God.
The wicked—that is, obdurate sinners.
eyes . . . fail—that is, in vain look for relief ( :-). Zophar implies Job's only hope of relief is in a change of heart.
they shall not escape—literally, "every refuge shall vanish from them."
giving up of the ghost—Their hope shall leave them as the breath does the body ( :-).
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://studylight.org/
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