Partner with as God uses us to make a difference for those displaced by Russia's war on Ukraine.
Click to donate today!

Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Deceit, Deceitful, Deceitfully, Deceitfulness, Deceive, Deceivableness

A — 1: ἀπάτη

(Strong's #539 — Noun Feminine — apate — ap-at'-ay )

"deceit or deceitfulness" (akin to apatao, "to cheat, deceive, beguile"), that which gives a false impression, whether by appearance, statement or influence, is said of riches, Matthew 13:22; Mark 4:19; of sin, Hebrews 3:13 . The phrase in Ephesians 4:22 , "deceitful lusts," AV, "lusts of deceit," RV, signifies lusts excited by "deceit," of which "deceit" is the source of strength, not lusts "deceitful" in themselves. In 2 Thessalonians 2:10 , "all deceit of unrighteousness," RV, signifies all manner of unscrupulous words and deeds designed to "deceive" (see Revelation 13:13-15 ). In Colossians 2:8 , "vain deceit" suggests that "deceit" is void of anything profitable.

Note: In 2 Peter 2:13 , the most authentic texts have "revelling in their love-feasts," RV (agapais), for AV, "deceivings" (apatais).

A — 2: δόλος

(Strong's #1388 — Noun Masculine — dolos — dol'-os )

primarily "a bait, snare;" hence, "craft, deceit, guile," is translated "deceit" in Mark 7:22; Romans 1:29 . See CRAFT , GUILE , SUBTILTY.

Notes: (1) Plane, rendered "deceit" in 1 Thessalonians 2:3 , AV, signifies wandering (cp. Eng., "planet"), hence, "error" (RV), i.e., a wandering from the right path; in Ephesians 4:14 , "wiles of error," AV, "to deceive." See DELUDE , ERROR.

(2) For dolioo, "to use deceit," see C, No. 4.

B — 1: δόλιος

(Strong's #1386 — Adjective — dolios — dol'-ee-os )

"deceitful," is used in 2 Corinthians 11:13 , of false apostles as "deceitful workers;" cp. A, No. 2 and Note (2).

C — 1: ἀπατάω

(Strong's #538 — Verb — apatao — ap-at-ah'-o )

"to beguile, deceive" (see A, No. 1), is used (a) of those who "deceive" "with empty words," belittling the true character of the sins mentioned, Ephesians 5:6; (b) of the fact that Adam was "not beguiled," 1 Timothy 2:14 , RV (cp. what is said of Eve; see No. 2 below); (c) of the "self-deceit" of him who thinks himself religious, but bridles not his tongue, James 1:26 .

C — 2: ἐξαπατάω

(Strong's #1818 — Verb — exapatao — ex-ap-at-ah'-o )

ek (ex), intensive, and No. 1, signifies "to beguile thoroughly, to deceive wholly," 1 Timothy 2:14 , RV. See BEGUILE.

C — 3: φρεναπατάω

(Strong's #5422 — Verb — phrenapatao — fren-ap-at-ah'-o )

lit., "to deceive in one's mind" (phren, "the mind," and No. 1), "to deceive by fancies" (Lightfoot), is used in Galatians 6:3 , with reference to self-conceit, which is "self-deceit," a sin against common sense. Cp. James 1:26 (above).

Note: Cp. phrenapates, No. 2, under DECEIVE.

C — 4: δολιόω

(Strong's #1387 — Verb — dolioo — dol-ee-o'-o )

"to lure," as by a bait (see A, No. 2), is translated "have used deceit" in Romans 3:13 .

C — 5: δολόω

(Strong's #1389 — Verb — doloo — dol-o'-o )

a short form of No. 4, primarily signifies "to ensnare;" hence, "to corrupt," especially by mingling the truths of the Word of God with false doctrines or notions, and so handling it "deceitfully," 2 Corinthians 4:2 . Cp. kapeleuo, "to corrupt by way of hucksterizing," 2 Corinthians 2:17 . For the difference between the words see CORRUPT , A No. 1.

C — 6: πλανάω

(Strong's #4105 — Verb — planao — plan-ah'-o )

akin to plane, A, Note (1) (Eng., "planet"), in the Passive form sometimes means "to go astray, wander," Matthew 18:12; 1 Peter 2:25; Hebrews 11:38; frequently Active, "to deceive, by leading into error, to seduce," e.g., Matthew 24:4,5,11,24; John 7:12 , "leadeth astray," RV (cp. 1 John 3:7 ). In Revelation 12:9 the present participle is used with the definite article, as a title of the Devil, "the Deceiver," lit., "the deceiving one." Often it has the sense of "deceiving onself," e.g., 1 Corinthians 6:9; 15:33; Galatians 6:7; James 1:16 , "be not deceived," RV, "do not err," AV. See ERR , LEAD (astray), SEDUCE , WANDER , WAY (be out of the).

C — 7: παραλογίζομαι

(Strong's #3884 — Verb — paralogizomai — par-al-og-id'-zom-ahee )

see BEGUILE , No. 3.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Deceit, Deceitful, Deceitfully, Deceitfulness, Deceive, Deceivableness'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

Search for…
Enter query in the box below:
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
Next Entry