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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #03245 - יָסַד
1) to found, fix, establish, lay foundation
1a) (Qal) to found, establish, begin
1b1) to fix or seat themselves close together, sit in conclave
1b2) to be founded
1c1) to found
1c2) to establish, appoint, ordain
1d) (Pual) to be founded, be laid
1e) (Hophal) to be founded
V) dxi (יסד YSD) - Found: To lay a foundation of a house, place or plan. KJV (42): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hophal, Pual, Piel) foundation, lay, founded, ordain, counsel, establish, appoint, instruct, set, sure - Strongs: H3245 (יָסַד)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
יָסַד [“Inf. with prefix לִיסוֹד Isaiah 51:16 לִיסּוֹד (as if from a verb פן֞), 2 Chronicles 31:7. The primary and monosyllabic root is sad, Sanscrit to sit, Lat. sedere, Goth. satjan, to place; compare Eng. to set.” See Thes.]
(1) to found (a building), [“to place a building, hence to found”], Ezra 3:12; Isaiah 54:11. However, this proper and original signification is more frequent in Piel; in Kal commonly poetically used of God as founding the heaven or the earth, Psalms 24:2, 78:69 89:12 102:26 104:5 Job 38:4; Amos 9:6. Also [“to place”] to pile up a heap, appoint, ordain, 2 Chronicles 31:17.
(2) Metaphorically to constitute, to establish, as laws. Psalms 119:152; Habakkuk 1:12, לְהוֹכִיחַ יְסַדְתּוֹ “thou hast ordained it (the Chaldean people) for punishment,” i.e. hast sent, hast called for it; in the other hemistich לְמִשְׁפָּט שַׂמְתּוֹ. Psalms 104:8, “unto the place which thou hast appointed for them,” hast assigned. Isaiah 23:13, “behold the land of the Chaldees … אַשּׁוּר יְסָדָהּ לְצִיִּים” “Assyria appointed it for the inhabitants of the desert,” i.e. for the Chaldees; compare my Commentary on the passage.
(1) to be founded, as a kingdom [“to sit down, settle as men in any country”], Exodus 9:18; Isaiah 44:28.
(2) to support oneself, to lean, or rest on one’s arm; used of men reclining on a couch or cushion, especially as deliberating and consulting together; hence to take counsel together: [This mode of arriving at this sense is rejected in Thes. Gesenius there takes up the idea of to sit together in council], Psalms 2:2, 31:14. Hence סוֹד for יְסוֹד prop. a cushion, a couch, [in Thes. a sitting together], hence a council; and, on the contrary, Arab. ديوان prop. deliberation, sitting together; hence a couch, on which those who consult recline.
(1) i.q. Kal, to found (a building), [“to place a foundation stone”], with acc., Joshua 6:26 1 Kings 16:34; Zechariah 4:9; Isaiah 14:32, 28:16. Followed also by another acc. of the material. 1 Ki. 5:31, לְיַסֵּד הַבַּיִת אַבְנֵי גָזִית “to lay the foundation of the house with hewn stone.” Figuratively, Psalms 8:3, יִסַּדְתָּ עֹז “thou hast founded glory” for thyself (comp. the usage of the Arabs, who compare glory to a firm and strong edifice; see Muntinghi on the passage).
(2) to appoint, to ordain, with an acc., 1 Chronicles 9:22 followed by עַל Esther 1:8.
Pual יֻסַּד to be founded, 1 Kings 6:37 followed by an acc. of the material, 1 Kings 7:10.
Hophal i.q. Pu. Inf. הוּסַד subst. a foundation, being founded, Ezra 3:11; 2 Chronicles 3:3. Part. מוּסָּד (with dag. forte euphon.) founded. Isai. 28:16, מוּסָד מוּסָּד a founded foundation, i.e. firm, comp. חֵפֶשׂ מְחֻפָּשׂ Psalms 64:7 בָּשֵׁל מְבֻשָּׁל Exodus 12:9.
Derivatives besides those immediately following, יְסוֹד, מוֹסָד, מוּסָד, מוּסָדָה, מַסַּד, סוֹד [and pr.n. בְּסוֹדְיָה].
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