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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #07646 - שָׂבֵעַ
1) to be satisfied, be sated, be fulfilled, be surfeited
1a1) to be sated (with food)
1a2) to be sated, be satisfied with, be fulfilled, be filled, have one’s fill of (have desire satisfied)
1a3) to have in excess, be surfeited, be surfeited with
1a3a) to be weary of (figuratively)
1b) (Piel) to satisfy
1c1) to satisfy
1c2) to enrich
1c3) to sate, glut (with the undesired)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) to be or become satisfied or satiated (Arab. شَبِعَ id. I place the primary idea in abundance of drink; compare סָבָא; although in the common use of the language this verb is more employed as to food than as to drink) Frequently used of one satisfied with food, Deuteronomy 31:20; Ruth 2:14; Isaiah 44:16, etc.; more rarely of one who is so with drink, i.q. רָוָה Amos 4:8 hence used of a well-watered land, Proverbs 30:16; Psalms 104:16. It is ascribed to the soul (see ופְנְ No. 2 ), Ecclesiastes 6:3 and metaph. to the eye which is satisfied with seeing, Ecclesiastes 1:8 compare Isaiah 53:11; Psalms 17:15. Constr. absol. Hosea 4:10; Psalms 37:19 followed by an acc. of the thing, as שָׂבַע לֶחֶם to be satisfied with bread, Exodus 16:12; Job 27:14; Ecclesiastes 5:9 followed by מִן Proverbs 14:14, 18:20 Job 31:31 followed by בְּ Psalms 65:5, 88:4 followed by לְ before an inf., Ecclesiastes 1:8. Metaph. it is said, to be satisfied with money, Ecclesiastes 5:9 with shame, Lamentations 3:30; Habakkuk 2:16 with contempt, Psalms 123:4 with calamity, Psalms 88:4.
(2) Sometimes the notion of weariness and loathing is added, Isaiah 1:11; Job 7:4; Proverbs 25:17. שָׂבַע יָמִים to be full of days, 1 Chronicles 23:1; 2 Chronicles 24:15.
Piel, to satisfy, Ezekiel 7:19 followed by two acc. of pers. and thing, Psalms 90:14.
Hiphil, to satisfy; followed by an acc. of pers. Psalms 107:9 followed by two acc. of pers. and thing, Psalms 132:15 followed by מִן of the thing, Ezekiel 32:4 Ps. 81:17 followed by בְּ of thing, Psalms 103:5. Once followed by לְ of pers. and acc. of thing, Psalms 145:16. Metaph. Psalms 91:16.
Derivatives, the five following nouns
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