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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #02296 - חָגַר

Transliteration
châgar
Phonetics
khaw-gar'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
604
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חָגְלָה
 
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חַד
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to gird, gird on, gird oneself, put on a belt

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to gird

1a2) to gird on, bind on

1a3) to gird oneself

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1744 ‑ ἐνδύνω (en‑doo'‑no);  4024 ‑ περιζώννυμι (per‑id‑zone'‑noo‑mee);  328 ‑ ἀναζώννυμι (an‑ad‑zone'‑noo‑mee);  353 ‑ ἀναλαμβάνω (an‑al‑am‑ban'‑o);  2224 ‑ ζώννυμι (dzone'‑noo‑mi);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (43)
Exodus 2
Leviticus 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 4
1 Samuel 5
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 3
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 1
Joel 2
NAS (46)
Exodus 2
Leviticus 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 4
1 Samuel 5
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 3
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 4
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 1
Joel 3
HCS (43)
Exodus 2
Leviticus 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 4
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 3
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 1
Joel 2
BSB (44)
Exodus 2
Leviticus 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 4
1 Samuel 5
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 3
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 1
Joel 2
ESV (40)
Leviticus 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 4
1 Samuel 5
2 Samuel 4
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 3
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 1
Joel 2
WEB (43)
Exodus 2
Leviticus 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 4
1 Samuel 5
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 3
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 1
Joel 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2147) rch (ההגר HhGR) AC: Bind CO: Belt AB: ?: A sash or belt is bound around the waist for attaching weapons. A piece of cloth is brought from the front to the rear to make a loincloth. [from: ch]

V) rch (ההגר HhGR) - Bind: To bind. To be bound with arms for war. To bind the loose portions of clothing into a belt or sash to prepare to go. KJV (43): (vf: Paal) gird, appoint, afraid, put, restrain, every side - Strongs: H2296 (חָגַר)

cm) rfch (ההגור HhGWR) - Belt: A sash or belt that encircles the waist. KJV (4): girdle - Strongs: H2289 (חָגוֹר)

cf1) erfch (ההגורה HhGWRH) - Belt: A sash or belt that encircles the waist. KJV (6): girdle, apron, armour, gird - Strongs: H2290 (חֲגֹרָה)

acf2) trfchm (מההגורת MHhGWRT) - Binding: To wrap a cloth around the body. KJV (1): girding - Strongs: H4228 (מַחֲגֹרֶת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [חָגַר] verb gird, gird on, gird oneself (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic חֲגַר; Arabic hinder, restrain, so Syriac ; Assyrian agâru, surround, in derivatives, Dl W 105 ff.; Sabean מחגרת (compare Arabic , enclosed space, district, etc.), DHM in MV; also proper name, of deity and location חגר, SabDenkm3. 81. 93 CIS iv. 1, No. 49 etc.) —

Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular חָֽגְרָה Proverbs 31:17; 2 masculine singular וְהָגַרְתָּ֫ Exodus 29:9; 3 plural חָֽגְרוּ Isaiah 15:3; Lamentations 2:10; ׳וְח consecutive Ezekiel 7:18; Ezekiel 27:31; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יָחְגֹּר Leviticus 16:4, וַיַּחְגֹּר Leviticus 8:7 (twice in verse) + 4t.; suffix יַחְגְּרֶ֑הָ Psalm 109:19; 2 masculine singular תַּחְגֹּר Psalm 76:11 (but on text see below); 3 masculine plural יַחְגְּרוּ Ezekiel 44:18; 2 Samuel 22:46 (but on text of both see below), וַיַּחְגְּרוּ 1 Samuel 25:13; 1 Kings 20:32; 3 feminine plural תַּחְגֹּרְנָה Psalm 65:13; 2 masculine plural וַתַּחְגְּרוּ Deuteronomy 1:41; Imperative masculine singular חֲגֹּר 2 Kings 4:29; 2 Kings 9:1, חֲגוֺר Psalm 45:4; feminine singular חִגְרִיֿ Jeremiah 6:26; masculine plural חִגְרוּ 1 Samuel 25:13 3t.; feminine plural חֲגֹּרְנָה Jeremiah 49:3, compare חֲג֖וֺרָה Isaiah 32:11 (see below); Infinitive cstr. לַחֲגֹר Isaiah 22:12; Participle act. חֹגֵר 1 Kings 20:11; 2 Kings 3:21; passive masculine חָגוּר Judges 18:11 5t.; feminine construct חֲגֻרַתֿ Joel 1:8; plural חֲגוּרִים Exodus 12:11; Judges 18:16; חֲגֻרִים Daniel 10:5; —

1 transitive, gird some one, with girdle; with 2accusative Exodus 29:9; Leviticus 8:13 (both P); passive, girded with ephod (accusative) 1 Samuel 2:18; 2 Samuel 6:14; followed by בְּ Daniel 10:5, with accusative and בְּ, figurative Proverbs 31:17, חגרה בְּעוז מתניה Leviticus 8:7 (twice in verse) (P), with accusative מתנים gird up thy loins, i.e. make ready to go 2 Kings 4:29; 2 Kings 9:1, passive Exodus 12:11 (P); compare probably also חֲג֖וֺרָה עַלחֲֿלָצָ֑יִם Isaiah 32:11 gird upon the loins (2nd accusative omitted); on verb. form as Imperative feminine plural see AE Ki Ew§ 226 a Di Du; > as masculine singular Ol§ 234 a Ges§ 48. 5 Sta§ 591 d§ 20. 12.

2 gird on, bind on (= gird oneself with), a girdle Psalm 109:19 (in simile); so especially with accusative שׂק, שׂקים of mourning Isaiah 15:3; Isaiah 22:12; Lamentations 2:10; Ezekiel 7:18; Ezekiel 27:31; 2 Samuel 3:31; Jeremiah 4:8; Jeremiah 6:26; Jeremiah 49:3; also 1 Kings 20:32 (with accusative שׂק + ב before מתנים); passive, followed by על before object of mourning Joel 1:8 (simile); absolute (שׂק omitted) Joel 1:13 ("" ספדו); followed by חֶרֶד 1 Samuel 25:13 (3t. in verse); Deuteronomy 1:41; Psalm 45:4 חרד על יָרֵךְ׳ח, so Judges 3:16; 1 Samuel 17:39 (followed by accusative + מֵעַל); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb חגורה׳ח 2 Kings 3:21; absolute 1 Kings 20:11; passive Judges 18:11,16,17; 2 Samuel 20:8b (where read חֶרֶב Klo Dr — not We), 2 Samuel 21:16; read perhaps also חָגוּר for חֲגוֺר 2 Samuel 20:8c, so Klo Dr.

3 intransitive gird oneself, followed by בְּ of thing Leviticus 16:4 (P), so בַיָּ֑זַע׳לֹא יַח they shall not gird themselves with sweat (?), but strike out ᵑ6 Co Sgfr; with accusative of thing (figurative) ׳גִּיל גְּבָעוֺת תַּח Psalm 65:13 with rejoicing the hills gird themselves; compare ׳שְׁאֵרִית חֵמֹת תַּחְ Psalm 76:11 with a remnant (residue) of wraths thou girdest thyself, so Hi Hup De VB; but very doubtful; ᵐ5 Bö Ew read תְּחָגָּ֑ךָ for תַּחגר; Bae Ka omit line as corrupt; compare further Che and critical note — וְיַחְגְּרוּ 2 Samuel 22:46 is text error for וְיַחְרְגוּ, compare "" Psalm 18:46; so Now Hup Kit and others


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָגַר fut. יַחְגֹּר to gird. [“Cognate roots, Arab.حجر to restrain. Syr. ܚܓܪ to lame.”] Construed variously

(a) with an acc. of the member girded, 2 Kings 4:29, 9:1 also with בְּ before that with which one is girded. So figuratively, Proverbs 31:17, “she girdeth her loins with strength.”

(b) with an acc. of the garment or girdle, e.g. חָגַר אֶת־הַחֶרֶב “he girded (himself with) a sword.” 1 Samuel 17:39, 25:13 Psalms 45:4, חָגַר שַׂק to gird himself with sackcloth, Isaiah 15:3; Jeremiah 49:3. Part. act. 2 Kings 3:21, מִכֹּל חֹגֵר חֲגֹרָה “of all that were girded with a girdle,” i.e. who bare arms. Part. pass. חָגוּר אֵפוֹד 1 Samuel 2:18, girded with an ephod; followed by a gen. Joel 1:8, חֲגוּרַת שַׂק “girded with sackcloth;” sometimes used elliptically Joel 1:13, חִגְרוּ “gird yourselves (with sackcloth).” 2 Samuel 21:16, וְהוּא חָגור חֲדָשָׁה “he being girded with a new (sword).” Metaph. Psalms 65:13, גִּיל גְּבָעוֹת תַּחְגֹּרְנָה “the hills are girded with joy” (compare verse 14 Ps6 5:14). Psalms 76:11 (c) with a double acc. of the person and of the girdle, Exodus 29:9; Leviticus 8:13 and with בְּ of the girdle with which, Leviticus 8:7, 16:4.

(d) absol. to gird oneself, Ezekiel 44:18; 1 Kings 20:11. Here belongs 2 Samuel 22:46, וְיַחְגְּרוּ מִמִּסְגְּרוֹתָם “and they shall gird themselves (and go out) from their fortresses;” unless the Syriac usage be preferred for explaining this passage, “they creep forth from their fortresses,” compare Micah 7:17; Hosea 11:11.

Derivatives, חָגוֹר, מֲגוֹרָה, מַחֲגֹרֶת.


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List of Word Forms
הֶחָג֖וּר החגור וְחִגְר֣וּ וְחָגְר֖וּ וְחָגְר֣וּ וְחָגַרְתָּ֩ וְיַחְגְּר֖וּ וְלַחֲגֹ֥ר וַֽיַּחְגְּרוּ֙ וַֽתַּחְגְּר֗וּ וַחֲג֖וֹרָה וַיַּחְגְּרוּ֩ וַיַּחְגֹּ֣ר וַיַּחְגֹּ֤ר וַיַּחְגֹּ֥ר וחגורה וחגרו וחגרת ויחגר ויחגרו ולחגר ותחגרו חֲגֹ֣ר חֲגֹ֣רְנָה חֲגֻֽרַת־ חֲגֻרִ֔ים חֲגֻרִ֖ים חֲגֽוֹר־ חֲגוּרִים֙ חִגְר֣וּ ׀ חִגְר֥וּ חִגְר֨וּ חִגְרִי־ חָ֣גְרוּ חָֽגְרָ֣ה חָג֖וּר חָג֣וּר חָג֣וּר ׀ חָגְר֖וּ חֹגֵ֖ר חֹגֵ֤ר חגור חגור־ חגורים חגר חגרה חגרו חגרי־ חגרים חגרנה חגרת־ יַחְגְּר֖וּ יַחְגְּרֶֽהָ׃ יַחְגֹּ֔ר יחגר יחגרה׃ יחגרו תַּחְגֹּֽרְנָה׃ תַּחְגֹּֽר׃ תחגר׃ תחגרנה׃ chageRah Chageru chaGor chaGorenah chagoyr chaGur chagurat chaguRim chigri chigRu choGer ḥā·ḡə·rāh ḥā·ḡə·rū ḥă·ḡō·rə·nāh ḥă·ḡō·wr- ḥă·ḡōr ḥă·ḡu·raṯ- ḥă·ḡu·rîm ḥă·ḡū·rîm ḥā·ḡūr ḥāḡərāh ḥāḡərū ḥăḡōr ḥăḡōrənāh ḥăḡōwr- ḥāḡūr ḥăḡuraṯ- ḥăḡurîm ḥăḡūrîm he·ḥā·ḡūr hechaGur heḥāḡūr ḥiḡ·rî- ḥiḡ·rū ḥiḡrî- ḥiḡrū ḥō·ḡêr ḥōḡêr tachGor tachGorenah taḥ·gō·rə·nāh taḥ·gōr taḥgōr taḥgōrənāh vachaGorah vaiyachgeRu vaiyachGor vattachgeRu vechagarTa vechageRu vechigRu velachaGor veyachgeRu wa·ḥă·ḡō·w·rāh waḥăḡōwrāh wat·taḥ·gə·rū wattaḥgərū way·yaḥ·gə·rū way·yaḥ·gōr wayyaḥgərū wayyaḥgōr wə·ḥā·ḡar·tā wə·ḥā·ḡə·rū wə·ḥiḡ·rū wə·la·ḥă·ḡōr wə·yaḥ·gə·rū wəḥāḡartā wəḥāḡərū wəḥiḡrū wəlaḥăḡōr wəyaḥgərū yachgeReha yachgeRu yachGor yaḥ·gə·re·hā yaḥ·gə·rū yaḥ·gōr yaḥgərehā yaḥgərū yaḥgōr
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