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Friday, April 19th, 2024
the Third Week after Easter
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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #02212 - זָקַק

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to purify, distil, strain, refine

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to purify, distil, strain

1a2) to refine

1b) (Piel) to purge, refine

1c) (Pual) to refine, purify

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2022 ‑ ἐπιχέω (ep‑ee‑kheh'‑o);  1632 ‑ ἐκχέω (ek‑kheh'‑o, ek‑khoo'‑no);  1383 ‑ δοκίμιον (dok‑im'‑ee‑on);  1384 ‑ δόκιμος (dok'‑ee‑mos);  2511 ‑ καθαρίζω (kath‑ar‑id'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (7)
1 Chronicles 2
Job 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Malachi 1
NAS (7)
1 Chronicles 2
Job 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Malachi 1
HCS (7)
1 Chronicles 2
Job 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Malachi 1
BSB (7)
1 Chronicles 2
Job 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Malachi 1
ESV (7)
1 Chronicles 2
Job 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Malachi 1
WEB (7)
1 Chronicles 2
Job 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Malachi 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1149) kz (זכ ZK) AC: Refine CO: ? AB: Pure: An oil or other substance that is clear and free of impurities.

A) kz (זכ ZK) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Pure

Nm ) kz (זכ ZK) - Pure: An oil or other substance that is free of impurities. Also a person without impurities. KJV (11): pure, clean - Strongs: H2134 (זַךְ)

rf) fkz (זכו ZKW) - Innocence: One without impurities. [Aramaic only] KJV (1): innocency - Strongs: H2136 (זָכוּ)

B) kkz (זככ ZKK) AC: Refine CO: Crystal AB: ?

V) kkz (זככ ZKK) - Refine: To remove the impurities by washing or refining to make pure. [df: qqz] KJV (11): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel) clean, pure, refine, fine, purge - Strongs: H2141 (זָכַךְ), H2212 (זָקַק)

cf4 ) tikfkz (זכוכית ZKWKYT) - Crystal: A mineral without impurities. KJV (1): cyrstal - Strongs: H2137 (זְכוֹכִית)

H) ekz (זכה ZKH) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Pure

V) ekz (זכה ZKH) - Pure: To be without impurities. KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Hitpael, Piel) clean, clear, pure - Strongs: H2135 (זָכָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [זָקַק] verb refine, purify ** perhaps properly strain or filter through, compare Job 36:27; Isaiah 25:6. (Aramaic זְקַק; perhaps kindred with Assyrian za‡i‡u, wind, Asrb Annals vi. 64and Aramaic , זִיקָּא violent wind, violent rain with whirlwind) —

Qal Imperfect 3 masculine plural יָזֹ֫קּוּ Job 28:1 object זָהָב, Job 36:27 object מָטָר (see Di).

Pi`el Perfect וְזִקַּק consecutive Malachi 3:3 ("" וְטִהַר) figurative, of purifying sons of Levi, like gold and silver כְּזָהָב etc.

Pu`al Participle מְזֻקָּק refined, of gold 1 Chronicles 28:18, of silver 1 Chronicles 29:4: Psalm 12:7 (שׁבעתים׳מ); of settled wines שְׁמָרִים מְזֻקָּקִים Isaiah 25:6.

II. זקק (Late Hebrew זָקַק bind, fetter, Aramaic זְקַק id.; compare (perhaps from idea of restraint) Arabic , Aramaic , זִיקָּא, זִיקוּקָא, Ethiopic all = (wine-) skin, etc.; also Late Hebrew זִיקָה, obligation; Aramaic ring).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1)  to tie fast, to bind (Chald. זְקַק id.), whence זִקִּים and אֲזִקִּים bonds. [This meaning in Thes. is wholly excluded.]

(2) to squeeze through a strainer, to strain, hence to refine

(a) wine (see Pual, comp. Arab. زَقُّ wine newly pressed out).

(b) metals, Job 28:1. With this signification agree σάκκος, σάκος, sackcloth, a strainer; σακκέω, σακκεύω σακκίζω; Lat. saccus, saccare; Hebr. שַׂק; and the same stock is found in feihen, feigen, feigern, fickern, properly used of metals.

(3) to pour, to pour out, in a general sense, like the French couler, and the Latin colare, Job 36:27.

Piel זִקַּק to refine, to purify gold, Malachi 3:3.

Pual, to be refined, used of wine, Isaiah 25:6 of metal, 1 Chronicles 28:18, 29:4 Psalms 12:7.

Hence זִקִּים No. II. [In Thes. derived from זָנַק.]

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List of Word Forms
וְזִקַּ֣ק וזקק יָזֹ֖קּוּ יָזֹֽקּוּ׃ יזקו יזקו׃ מְ֝זֻקָּ֗ק מְזֻקָּ֔ק מְזֻקָּ֖ק מְזֻקָּקִֽים׃ מזקק מזקקים׃ mə·zuq·qā·qîm mə·zuq·qāq mezukKak mezukkaKim məzuqqāq məzuqqāqîm vezikKak wə·ziq·qaq wəziqqaq yā·zōq·qū yaZokku yāzōqqū
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