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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #08081 - שֶׁמֶן
1) fat, oil
1a) fat, fatness
1b) oil, olive oil
1b1) as staple, medicament or unguent
1b2) for anointing
1c) fat (of fruitful land, valleys) (metaphorically)
Nm) nms (סהמנ ShMN) - Oil: Usually olive oil and used as a medicinal ointment. Also meaning fat or rich. KJV (203): oil, ointment, olive, oiled, fat, things, plenteous, lusty - Strongs: H8081 (שֶׁמֶן), H8082 (שָׁמֵן)
cm/f) nfms (סהמונ ShMWN) - Eight: In the sense of being fat or rich. [Also meaning thirty when written in the plural form - minfms] [df: hnwms hnms]KJV (147): eight, eighth, eighty, eightieth - Strongs: H8083 (שְׁמוֹנָה), H8084 (שְׁמוֹנִים)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שֶׁמֶן m. suff. שַׁמְנִי, plur. שְׁמָנִים
(1) fat, fatness, Psalms 109:24. מִשְׁתֵּה שׁמָנִים a feast of fat things, Isaiah 25:6, 10:27, וְחֻבַּל עֹל מִפְּנֵי שֶׁמֶן “and the yoke (of Israel) is broken because of fatness,” a metaphor taken from a fat bull that casts off and breaks the yoke (compare Deuteronomy 32:15; Hosea 4:16); also fruitfulness of the earth. גֵּיא שְׁמָנִים a very fertile valley, Isaiah 28:1.
(2) oil, Genesis 28:18. עֵץ שֶׁמֶן an oleaster (differing from זַיִת an olive tree), Nehemiah 8:15; 1 Kings 6:23.
(3) spiced oil, i.e. ointment, Psalms 133:2; Proverbs 21:17; Isaiah 1:6.
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