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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #02320 - חֹדֶשׁ

Transliteration
chôdesh
Phonetics
kho'-desh
Origin
from (H2318)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
613b
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חָדָשׁ
 
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חֹדֶשׁ
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) the new moon, month, monthly

1a) the first day of the month

1b) the lunar month

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3561 ‑ νουμηνία (noo‑may‑nee'‑ah);  1859 ‑ ἑορτή (heh‑or‑tay');  2250 ‑ ἡμέρα (hay‑mer'‑ah);  3376 ‑ μήν (mane);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (263)
Genesis 11
Exodus 17
Leviticus 13
Numbers 33
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 2
Judges 5
1 Samuel 7
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 13
2 Kings 12
1 Chronicles 19
2 Chronicles 19
Ezra 13
Nehemiah 7
Esther 17
Job 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 18
Ezekiel 27
Daniel 1
Hosea 2
Amos 2
Haggai 5
Zechariah 4
NAS (295)
Genesis 11
Exodus 17
Leviticus 14
Numbers 35
Deuteronomy 3
Joshua 2
Judges 5
1 Samuel 12
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 14
2 Kings 11
1 Chronicles 22
2 Chronicles 22
Ezra 14
Nehemiah 8
Esther 24
Job 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 15
Ezekiel 30
Daniel 1
Hosea 4
Amos 3
Haggai 4
Zechariah 5
HCS (267)
Genesis 10
Exodus 16
Leviticus 15
Numbers 37
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 2
Judges 5
1 Samuel 7
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 14
2 Kings 9
1 Chronicles 20
2 Chronicles 19
Ezra 12
Nehemiah 7
Esther 23
Job 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 14
Ezekiel 27
Daniel 1
Hosea 2
Amos 2
Haggai 4
Zechariah 5
BSB (292)
Genesis 20
Exodus 18
Leviticus 15
Numbers 38
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 2
Judges 5
1 Samuel 7
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 14
2 Kings 12
1 Chronicles 21
2 Chronicles 19
Ezra 13
Nehemiah 7
Esther 24
Job 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 18
Ezekiel 27
Daniel 1
Hosea 2
Amos 2
Haggai 5
Zechariah 5
ESV (253)
Genesis 10
Leviticus 13
Numbers 34
Deuteronomy 3
Joshua 2
Judges 5
1 Samuel 7
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 13
2 Kings 12
1 Chronicles 21
2 Chronicles 19
Ezra 13
Nehemiah 7
Esther 24
Job 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 16
Ezekiel 27
Daniel 1
Hosea 2
Amos 2
Haggai 4
Zechariah 5
WEB (275)
Genesis 11
Exodus 17
Leviticus 13
Numbers 33
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 2
Judges 5
1 Samuel 7
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 12
2 Kings 12
1 Chronicles 21
2 Chronicles 19
Ezra 13
Nehemiah 7
Esther 25
Job 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 18
Ezekiel 27
Daniel 1
Hosea 2
Amos 2
Haggai 5
Zechariah 5
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2151) sdh (ההדסה HhDSh) AC: Renew CO: New moon AB: New: The first crescent of the moon as the renewal of the moon, the first day of the month. [from: dh- restoration]

V) sdh (ההדסה HhDSh) - Renew: To make something like new through repair, restoration, or replacement. KJV (10): (vf: Hitpael, Piel) renew, repair - Strongs: H2318 (חָדַשׁ)

Nm) sdh (ההדסה HhDSh) - New: Something that is new, renewed, restored or repaired. KJV (54): new, fresh - Strongs: H2319 (חָדָשׁ), H2323 (חֲדָת)

gm) sdfh (ההודסה HhWDSh) - New moon: The first crescent of the moon as the renewal of the moon, the first day of the month. KJV (276): month, new moon, monthly - Strongs: H2320 (חֹדֶשׁ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. חֹ֫דֶשׁ282 noun masculine Genesis 7:11 ( feminineᵑ0 Genesis 38:24 but masculine Sam Di) (newness), new moon, month (on formation compare Lg BN 144; on usage, names, etc., Muss-Arn JBL 1892,72ff., 160 ff.) — ׳ח absolute Genesis 7:11 +; construct (rare) Genesis 29:14 +; suffix חָדְשׁוֺ Numbers 28:14 2t.; חָדְשָׁהּ Hosea 2:13; Jeremiah 2:24; plural חֳדָשִׁים Genesis 38:24 +; construct חָדְשֵׁי Exodus 12:2 2t.; suffix חֳדָשָׁיו Job 14:5 2t.; חָדְשֵׁיכֶם Isaiah 1:14; Numbers 28:11; חָדְשֵׁכֶם Numbers 10:10; —

1 new moon = day, time, of new moon, as religious festival 1 Samuel 20:5,18,24,27,34 (Dr); compare ׳יאֹכְלֵם ח Hosea 5:7 a new moon shall devour them, Hi St VB, but on text see We; usually "" שַׁבָּת Amos 8:5; 2 Kings 4:23; Isaiah 1:13 (+ קְרֹאמִקְרָא), מִדֵּי חֹדֶשׁ בְּחָדְשׁוֺ Isaiah 66:23, Ezekiel 46:1,6 (both ׳יוֺם הַח), 1 Chronicles 23:31; 2 Chronicles 2:3; 2 Chronicles 8:13; 31:3; Nehemiah 10:34 (all + מוֺעֵד), Hosea 2:13; Ezekiel 45:17 (both + חג, מועד); "" מוֺעֵד alone Isaiah 1:14; Ezekiel 3:5; "" יוֺם חַגֵּנוּ Psalm 81:4; (compare ׳ראֹשׁ הַח Numbers 10:10; Numbers 28:11; on religious observance of new moon compare Di Lv p. 578 f Benz Archäol. § 69); as time of augury in Babylon (astrological prognostication) Isaiah 47:13.

2 month (as beginning with new moon, lunar month; compare Benz Archäol. § 30, but then, without reference to day of beginning);

a. as measure of time during which Genesis 38:24 (J), Numbers 11:20,21 (JE), Numbers 9:22 (P), Judges 11:37,38,39; Judges 20:47; 1 Samuel 6:1; 1 Samuel 27:7; 2 Samuel 2:11; 2 Samuel 5:5; 2 Samuel 6:11; 2 Samuel 24:8,13 = 1 Chronicles 21:12; Amos 4:7; 1 Kings 4:7; 1 Kings 5:7; 1 Kings 5:28 (3t. in verse); 1 Kings 11:16; 2 Kings 15:8; 2 Kings 23:31; 2 Kings 24:8; Ezekiel 39:12,14; 1 Chronicles 3:4; 1 Chronicles 13:14; 2 Chronicles 36:2,9; Esther 2:12 (3t. in verse). In 1 Samuel 10:27b read probably כְּמֵחֹדֶשׁ for ᵑ0כמחרישׁ, and join to 1 Samuel 11:1, so ᵐ5 We Dr (compare Genesis 38:24); in combinations, יָמִים׳ח a month (of) time (compare יֶרַח ימים Deuteronomy 21:1; 2 Kings 15:13) Genesis 29:14 (J), Numbers 11:20,26 (JE), ׳ימים ארבעה ח Judges 19:2; of age ׳מִסְמַּרחֿ number of his months =length of his life Job 14:5; Job 21:21; compare especially ׳בֶּןחֿ Leviticus 27:6; Numbers 3:15,22,28,34,39,40,43; Numbers 18:16; Numbers 26:22 (all P).

b. calendar months, (1) with names הָאָבִיב׳ח Exodus 13:4; Exodus 23:15; Exodus 34:18 (twice in verse) (all J E; = 1st month Exodus 12:2 P), Deuteronomy 16:11; זִו׳ח 1 Kings 6:1 ( = 2nd mo. ib.; = יֶרַח זִו 1 Kings 6:37); compare 1 Kings 8:2 (הַשְּׁבִיעִי׳הַח = יֶרַךְ הָאֵתָנִים), 1 Kings 6:38 (הַשְּׁמִינִי׳הַח = יֶרַח בּוּל); in the post-exilic books occur Babylonian names (see the several words): — נִיסָן׳ח Nehemiah 2:1; Esther 3:7 ( = 1st mo. Esther 3:7); סִיוָן׳ח Esther 8:9 = 3rd mo.; כִּסְלֵו׳ח Zechariah 7:1; Nehemiah 1:1 ( = 9th mo. Zechariah 7:1); טֵבֵ֑ת׳ח Esther 2:16 = 10th mo.; שְׁבָט׳ח Zechariah 1:7 = 11th mo.; אֲדָר׳ח Esther 3:7,13; Esther 8:12; Esther 9:1 in all = 12th mo., Esther 9:15,17,19,21; (compare also אֱלוּל Nehemiah 6:15, without ׳ח or יֶרַךְ; this was 6th mo.; see further Schr COT Nehemiah 1:1 Benz l.c.). (2) merely numbered (chiefly P and late) e.g. הַשֵּׁנִי׳בַּח Genesis 7:11, compare Genesis 8:4,5,14; Leviticus 16:29; Numbers 1:1,18 (all P) + often P; Deuteronomy 1:3 (P), 1 Kings 12:32; 1 Kings 12:33; 1 Kings 25:1; 1 Kings 25:3; 1 Kings 25:8; 1 Kings 25:25; 1 Kings 25:27; Jeremiah 1:3 11t. Jeremiah; Ezekiel 24:1; Ezekiel 32:1; Haggai 1:1,15; Zechariah 1:1; Zechariah 7:1,13; 1 Chronicles 12:15, compare entire list 1 Chronicles 27:2-15; 2 Chronicles 3:2 12t. 2Chronicles; Ezra 3:1 10t. Ezra; Nehemiah 7:72; Nehemiah 8:2,14; Esther 3:12; note especially הַזֶּה לָכֶם ראֹשׁ חָדָשִׁ֑ים רִאשׁוֺן הוּא לָכֶם׳הַח Exodus 12:2 (P), as implying that the 1st mo. was formerly not in the spring; observe also usage of omitting ׳ח, e.g. בָּרִאשׁוֺן = ׳הָר׳בַּח Genesis 8:13, compare Genesis 8:5; so commonly in Ezek.: — Ezekiel 1:1; Ezekiel 8:1; Ezekiel 20:1; Ezekiel 29:1,17; Ezekiel 30:20; Ezekiel 31:1; Ezekiel 33:21; Ezekiel 45:18,21,25 + Ezekiel 26:1; Ezekiel 32:17; Ezekiel 45:20 Co; (׳ח sometimes expressed, see Ezekiel 24:1; Ezekiel 32:1 above; on like usage with יום see יום). (3) special phrases and usages are: — עֹלַת חֹדֶשׁ בְּחָדְשׁוֺ לְחָדְשֵׁי שָׁנָה Numbers 28:14 (P; compare יום, and Isaiah 66:23 above

1); מִיּוֺם לְיוֺם וּמֵחֹדֶשׁ לְחֹדֶשׁ Esther 3:7 from day to day and from month to month; חָדְשָׁהּ Jeremiah 2:24 of wild she-ass's mating time.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חֹדֶשׁ m. [suff. חָדְשׁוֹ, plur. חֳדָשִׁים] the new moon, the day of the new moon, the calends of a lunar month which was a festival of the ancient Hebrews, Numbers 29:6; 1 Samuel 20:5, 18:24 Exodus 19:1, בַּתֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁלִישִׁי “on the third calends” (the third new moon), i.e. the first of the third lunar month. Hosea 5:7, עַתָּה יאֹכְלֵם חֹדֶשׁ “now shall a new moon devour them,” i.e. they shall be destroyed at the time of the new moon.

(2) a lunar month, beginning at the new moon. Genesis 8:5; Exodus 13:5, etc. חֹדֶשׁ יָמִים the period of a month (see יָמִים ). Genesis 29:14; Numbers 11:20, 21 Numbers 11:21.

(3) [Hodesh], pr.n. f., 1 Chronicles 8:9.


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List of Word Forms
בְּחָדְשָׁ֖הּ בְּחָדְשׁ֔וֹ בְּחֹ֔דֶשׁ בְּחֹ֖דֶשׁ בְּחֹ֣דֶשׁ בְחֹֽדֶשׁ־ בַּחֹ֑דֶשׁ בַּחֹ֖דֶשׁ בַּחֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ בַּחֹ֤דֶשׁ בַּחֹ֥דֶשׁ בַּחֹ֧דֶשׁ בַּחֹ֨דֶשׁ בַחֹ֔דֶשׁ בַחֹ֣דֶשׁ בחדש בחדש־ בחדשה בחדשו הֶחֳדָשִׁ֜ים הַחֹ֔דֶשׁ הַחֹ֖דֶשׁ הַחֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ הַחֹ֜דֶשׁ הַחֹ֣דֶשׁ הַחֹ֤דֶשׁ הַחֹ֥דֶשׁ הַחֹ֧דֶשׁ החדש החדשים וְהַחֹ֗דֶשׁ וְלֶ֣חֳדָשִׁ֔ים וְלֶחֳדָשִׁ֣ים וּבֶחֳדָשִׁ֑ים וּבֶחֳדָשִׁים֙ וּבַחֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ וּבַחֹ֣דֶשׁ וּבַחֹ֤דֶשׁ וּבַחֹ֥דֶשׁ וּבַחֹ֨דֶשׁ וּמֵחֹ֛דֶשׁ ובחדש ובחדשים והחדש ולחדשים ומחדש חֳ֠דָשִׁים חֳדָשִֽׁים׃ חֳדָשִׁ֑ים חֳדָשִׁ֔ים חֳדָשִׁ֖ים חֳדָשִׁ֗ים חֳדָשִׁ֛ים חֳדָשִׁ֜ים חֳדָשִׁים֙ חֳדָשָׁ֣יו חֳדָשָׁ֥יו חָדְשֵׁ֣י חָדְשֵׁיכֶ֔ם חָדְשֵׁיכֶ֤ם חָדְשֵׁיכֶם֒ חָדְשָׁ֣הּ חָדְשׁ֑וֹ חֹ֑דֶשׁ חֹ֔דֶשׁ חֹ֖דֶשׁ חֹ֗דֶשׁ חֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ חֹ֚דֶשׁ חֹ֜דֶשׁ חֹ֣דֶשׁ חֹ֤דֶשׁ חֹ֥דֶשׁ חֹ֧דֶשׁ חדש חדשה חדשו חדשי חדשיו חדשיכם חדשים חדשים׃ לְחָדְשֵׁ֖י לְחֹ֣דֶשׁ לְחֹ֥דֶשׁ לֶחֳדָשִׁ֔ים לֶחֳדָשִׁ֖ים לַחֹ֑דֶשׁ לַחֹ֔דֶשׁ לַחֹ֖דֶשׁ לַחֹ֗דֶשׁ לַחֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ לַחֹ֛דֶשׁ לַחֹ֜דֶשׁ לַחֹ֣דֶשׁ לַחֹ֤דֶשׁ לַחֹ֥דֶשׁ לַחֹ֨דֶשׁ לַחֹֽדֶשׁ׃ לַחֹדֶשׁ֒ לַחֹדֶשׁ֩ לָֽחֳדָשָׁיו֙ לחדש לחדש׃ לחדשי לחדשיו לחדשים ba·ḥō·ḏeš ḇa·ḥō·ḏeš baChodesh baḥōḏeš ḇaḥōḏeš bə·ḥā·ḏə·šāh bə·ḥā·ḏə·šōw bə·ḥō·ḏeš ḇə·ḥō·ḏeš- bechadeShah bechadeSho beChodesh bəḥāḏəšāh bəḥāḏəšōw bəḥōḏeš ḇəḥōḏeš- chadeShah chadeShei chadesheiChem chadeSho chodaShav chodaShim Chodesh ḥā·ḏə·šāh ḥā·ḏə·šê ḥā·ḏə·šê·ḵem ḥā·ḏə·šōw ha·ḥō·ḏeš haChodesh ḥāḏəšāh ḥāḏəšê ḥāḏəšêḵem ḥāḏəšōw haḥōḏeš he·ḥo·ḏā·šîm hechodaShim heḥoḏāšîm ḥo·ḏā·šāw ḥo·ḏā·šîm ḥō·ḏeš ḥoḏāšāw ḥoḏāšîm ḥōḏeš lā·ḥo·ḏā·šāw la·ḥō·ḏeš laChodesh lāḥoḏāšāw laḥōḏeš lə·ḥā·ḏə·šê le·ḥo·ḏā·šîm lə·ḥō·ḏeš lechadeShei lechodaShim leChodesh ləḥāḏəšê leḥoḏāšîm ləḥōḏeš lochodaShav ū·ḇa·ḥō·ḏeš ū·ḇe·ḥo·ḏā·šîm ū·mê·ḥō·ḏeš ūḇaḥōḏeš ūḇeḥoḏāšîm umeChodesh ūmêḥōḏeš uvaChodesh uvechodaShim vaChodesh vechodesh vehaChodesh veLechodaShim wə·ha·ḥō·ḏeš wə·le·ḥo·ḏā·šîm wəhaḥōḏeš wəleḥoḏāšîm
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