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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4652 - σκοτεινός

from (G4655)
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  1. full of darkness, covered with darkness
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 653 ‑ אֲפֵלָה (af‑ay‑law');  2822 ‑ חשֶׁךְ (kho‑shek');  4426 ‑ מְלִיצָה (mel‑ee‑tsaw');  5399 ‑ נֶשֶׁף (neh'‑shef);  5642 ‑ סְתַר (seth‑ar');  
Frequency Lists
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Luke 2
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BSB (3)
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ESV (4)
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WEB (3)
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σκοτειν-ός, ή, όν, ( σκότος )

dark, νυκτὸς ἅρμ' ἐπείγεται ς . A. Ch. 661; ς. τῶν ἐνερτέρων βέλος ib. 285; ς. περιβολαί, of a scabbard, E. Ph. 276; [ ὁδοί ] X. Cyn. 6.5; τὰ ς. θεάσασθαι Pl. R. 520c; ἀνὰ τὸ ς. προϊδεῖν in the darkness, Th. 3.22; of a person, blind, καίπερ ς . S. OT 1326; ς. ὄμμα E. Alc. 385; τὰ ς . the dark shadows in a picture, X. Mem. 3.10.1, Plu. 2.57c: neut. as Adv., σκοτεινὸν ζῆν to live in privacy, Pl. Lg. 781c .

II metaph., dark, obscure, opp. ἐλλόγιμος καὶ φανός, Id. Smp. 197a; τόπος ς. καὶ δυσδιερεύνητος Id. R. 432c; Heraclitus was called ὁ σκοτεινός, Arist. Mu. 396b20, Cic. Fin. 2.5.15; ς. προοίμιον Aeschin. 2.34; ς. ἀκοαί obscure reports, Pl. Criti. 109e; ς. μηχανήματα dark, secret, E. Fr. 288; ὁρκάναι Id. Ba. 611; σκοτεινὸς ὀργήν Trag.Adesp. 345, cf. Procop. Arc. 1 . Adv., -νῶς διαλέγεσθαι Pl. R. 558d, cf. D.H. Th. 32 .

III prob. f.l. for κοτ- in Pi. N. 7.61 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σκοτεινός (WH σκοτινος; see Iota), σκοτεινή, σκοτεινόν (σκότος), full of darkness, covered with darkness (from Aeschylus down): opposed to φωτεινός, Matthew 6:23; Luke 11:34, 36 (τά σκοτεινά καί τά φωτεινα, Xenophon, mem. 3, 10, 1; (cf. 4, 3, 4)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σκοτεινός (WH. -τινός ), - , -όν

(< σκότος ),

[in LXX chiefly for H2822 and cogn. forms;]

dark: opp. to φωτεινός , Matthew 6:23, Luke 11:34; Luke 11:36.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

(for the spelling, see Deissmann BS p. 181 f.) ";military service"; : P Fay 91.11 (A.D. 99) Λυκίωι Βελλήνῳ Γεμέλλωι ἀπολυσ [ ]μωι ἀπὸ στρατείας, ";to Lucius Bellenus Gemellus discharged from military service,"; BGU I. 140.11 (time of Hadrian) ο [ ]ς οἱ γονεῖς αὐτῶν τῷ τῆς στρατείας ἀνείλα [ν ]το χρόνῳ, Gnomon (= BGU V. 1) 34 (c A.D. 150) τοῖς ἐν στρατείᾳ καὶ ἀπὸ στρατείας οὖσι σ ̣υνκεχώρηται διατίθεσθα [ι ] καὶ κατὰ Ῥωμαϊκὰς καὶ Ἑλληνικὰς διαθήκας, and ib. 62, and BGU II. 625.14 (beg. iii/A.D.), as read by Olsson Papyrusbriefe p. 114, ὔδατε (= οἴδατε) τὴν ἀνάγκην τῆν στρατείας. In the inscr. Preisigke 293.1 (Ptol.) ὁμοῦ τὴν τιμὴν τῆι θεῶν στρατείαι Ἄρηι σ ̣υνμάχωι, Διὶ Ὀλυμπίωι κτλ., στρατείαι would seem to have the meaning ";army"; like στρατιά (q.v.), and this meaning is also given by the editors to the word in P Oxy I. 71ii. 8 (A.D. 303) τῶν τε ἡμετέρων τέκνων ἐν στρατείᾳ ὄντων καὶ ἀπασχολ [ο ]υμένεν ἐπὶ τῆς ἀλλοδαπῆς, ";my sons are in the army and absent upon foreign service,"; but the translation ";on military service"; is equally possible.

For the metaph. use of στρατεία, as in 2 Corinthians 10:4, 1 Timothy 1:18, 4 Maccabees 9:28, cf. Epict. iii. 24. 34 στρατεία τίς ἐστιν ὁ βίος ἑκάστου καὶ αὕτη μακρὰ καὶ ποικίλη, and Maxim. Tyr. xix. 4 στρατηγὸν μὲν τὸν θεόν, στρατείαν δὲ τὴν ζωήν, ὁπλίτην δὲ τὸν ἄνθρωπον.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σκοτεινά σκοτειναί σκοτεινή σκοτεινήν σκοτεινοίς σκοτεινόν σκοτεινὸν σκοτεινός σκοτεινούς σκοτεινώ σκοτινον σκοτινόν σκοτινὸν skoteinon skoteinón skoteinòn
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