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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #01897 - הָגָה

a primitive root [compare (H1901)]
Parts of Speech
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1) to moan, growl, utter, muse, mutter, meditate, devise, plot, speak

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to roar, growl, groan

1a2) to utter, speak

1a3) to meditate, devise, muse, imagine

1b) (Poal) to utter

1c) (Hiphil) to mutter

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (25)
Joshua 1
Job 1
Psalms 10
Proverbs 3
Isaiah 9
Jeremiah 1
NAS (26)
Joshua 1
Job 1
Psalms 11
Proverbs 3
Isaiah 9
Jeremiah 1
HCS (25)
Joshua 1
Job 1
Psalms 10
Proverbs 3
Isaiah 9
Jeremiah 1
BSB (25)
Joshua 1
Job 1
Psalms 10
Proverbs 3
Isaiah 9
Jeremiah 1
ESV (18)
Joshua 1
Job 1
Psalms 10
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 1
WEB (26)
Joshua 1
Job 1
Psalms 11
Proverbs 3
Isaiah 9
Jeremiah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1095) ce (הג HG) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Ponder: A murmuring or soft speech while in a continual contemplation over something.

A) ce (הג HG) AC: Ponder CO: ? AB: ?

Nf3 ) tfce (הגות HGWT) - Pondering: KJV (1): meditation - Strongs: H1900 (הָגוּת)

sf1) enice (הגינה HGYNH) - Ahead: Something that is in front as something that is contemplated. KJV (1): directly - Strongs: H1903 (הָגִין)

fjm) nfice (הגיונ HGYWN) - Melody: KJV (4): higgaion, meditation, solemn sound, device - Strongs: H1902 (הִגָּיוֹן)

B) cce (הגג HGG) AC: Ponder CO: ? AB: ?

bm ) cice (הגיג HGYG) - Pondering: KJV (2): meditation, musing - Strongs: H1901 (הָגִיג)

H) ece (הגה HGH) AC: Ponder CO: ? AB: ?

V) ece (הגה HGH) - Ponder: To be in continual contemplation over a matter. KJV (25): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) meditate, mourn, speak, imagine, study, mutter, utter, roaring, sore, talk - Strongs: H1897 (הָגָה)

Nm) ece (הגה HGH) - Pondering: The outward sounds of contemplation. KJV (3): sound, tale, mourning - Strongs: H1899 (הֶגֶה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. הָגָה verb moan, growl, utter, speak, muse (only poetry) (onomatopoetic; Late Hebrew הָגָה muse, speak, spell a word, so Aramaic הֲגָא; muse, especially Ethpa`al; Arabic satirize, insult, scold, also spell (borrowed meaning)) —

Qal Perf. 2 masculine singular וְהָגִ֫יתָ consecutive Joshua 1:8; 1 singular הָגִ֫יתִי Psalm 143:5, וְהָגִיתִי consecutive Psalm 77:13; Imperfect יֶהְגֶּה Job 27:4 8t.; 3 feminine singular תֶּהְגֶּה Psalm 35:28 2t., אֶהְגֶּה Psalm 63:7; Isaiah 38:14, יֶהְגּוּ Psalm 2:1 + 2t., תֶּהְגּוּ Isaiah 16:7; נֶהְגֶּה֑ Isaiah 59:11; Infinitive absolute הָגוֺ Isaiah 59:11; —

1 of inarticulate sounds:

a. growl, of lion growling over prey, followed by על Isaiah 31:4.

b. groan, moan, in distress (like dove), absolute, Isaiah 38:14; Isaiah 59:11 (הָגוֺ נֶהְגֶּה); sigh for (לְ) in sorrow, mourning, moan for Isaiah 16:7 ("" יְיֵלִיל לְ), so also Jeremiah 48:31.

2 utter, followed by accusative of thing, Psalm 38:13; subject לָשׁוֺן Job 27:4 ("" דִּבֶּר) Psalm 35:28; Psalm 71:24; Isaiah 59:3; subject מֶּה Psalm 37:30; Proverbs 8:7 — compare also below Po. below; speak (absolute) Psalm 115:7 (בְּ instrumental)

3. a. (soliloquize) meditate, muse, with בְּ of thing, Joshua 1:8; Psalm 1:2; Psalm 63:7; Psalm 77:13; Psalm 143:5; with accusative Isaiah 33:18, subject לֵב.

b. imagine, devise, with accusative Psalm 2:1; Proverbs 24:2 (subject לֵב); with Infinitive Proverbs 15:28 (subject id.)

Po. Infinitive absolute only הֹרוֺ וְהֹגוֺ מִלֵּבדִּבְרֵישֶֿׁקֶר Isaiah 59:13 a conceiving and an uttering, out of the heart, lying words ("" דַּבֵּר עשֶׁק וְסָרָה); — on form compare Kö i. 555; but read rather הָרוֺ וְהָגוֺ

Qal Infinitive absolute compare Di; Ba NB 77 retains ᵑ0 & explanation as Qal Infinitive passive

Hiph`il Participle plural הַמְּצַפְצְפִיםוְהַמַּהְגִּ֥ים Isaiah 8:19 those that make chirpings and mutterings, of necromancers and wizards.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

הָגָה fut. יֶהְגֶּה

(1)  to murmur, to mutter, to growl, (almost the same in meaning as הָמָה); used of the growl of a lion over his prey (Gr. ὑποβρυχάομαι: to roar is שָׁאַג, βρυχάομαι), Isaiah 31:4 of low thunder (see הֶגֶה Job 37:2); of the muttering of enchanters (see Hiphil); of the sound of a harp when struck (see הִגָּיוֹן Psalms 9:17, 92:4 ); of the cooing of doves, Isaiah 38:14, 59:11 of the groaning and sighing of men (οἰμώζειν), Isaiah 16:7; Jeremiah 48:31.

(2) poetically, to speak.

(a) absolutely (to utter sound), Psalms 115:7.

(b) with an acc. of the thing, Job 27:4; Psalms 37:30; Isaiah 59:3; Proverbs 8:7 hence to sing, to celebrate (like to say, אָמַר). Psal. 35:28, לְשׁוֹנִי תֶּהְגֶּה צִדְקֶךָ “my tongue shall celebrate thy righteousness;” Psalms 71:24.

(3) to meditate (prop. to speak with oneself, murmuring and in a low voice, as is often done by those who are musing, compare No. 1 and אָמַר, אָמַר בְּלִבּוֹ), followed by בְּ, to meditate on any thing (über etwas nachdenken). Joshua 1:8, וְהָגִיתָ בּוֹ יוֹמָם וָלַיְלָה “and thou shalt meditate thereon (on the law) day and night;” Psalms 1:2, 63:7 77:13, וְהָגִיתִי בְכָל־פָּֽעֳלֶךָ “and I will meditate on all thy works;” Psalms 143:5. (Syn. שִׂיחַ). Proverbs 15:28, לֵב צַדִּיק יֶהְגֶּה לַעֲנוֹת “the heart of the righteous will meditate what to answer.” Also to remember any thing, followed by an acc., Isaiah 33:18, לִבְּךָ יֶהְגֶּה אֵימָה “thy heart shall remember the terror.” And in a bad sense, to plot, to plan, to devise. Psal. 2:1, לְאֻמִּים יֶהְגּוּ רִיק “(why) do the nations devise vain things?” i.e. vain sedition; Proverbs 24:2; Isaiah 59:13. [Poel] (Syr. ܗܓܳܐ to meditate, to read syllable by syllable. Pael, to meditate, to contemplate. Ethpael, to read. Comp. Eth. ነበበ: to murmur, to utter an inarticulate sound, to speak, to meditate; Conj. IV. to read. Arabic نَبَّ to mutter.)

Poel, inf. הֹגוֹ i.q. Kal No. 2, Isaiah 59:13.

Hiphil, part. plur. מַהְגִּים those who mutter, i. e. soothsayers murmuring their songs; or those groaning, sighing, i.e. necromancers imitating the low and slender voice of the shades of the dead, Isaiah 8:19.

Hence are derived, הֶגֶה, הָגוּת, הִגָּיוֹן.

II. הָגָה i.q. יָגָה No. II, to be removed, taken away (comp. הָלַךְ, and יָלַךְ), transit, to remove, to take away, Proverbs 25:4, הָגוֹ סִיגִים מִכֶּסֶף “take away the dross from the silver.” Inf. absol. with an imperative signification. Symm. κάθαιρε. Vulg. aufer; verse Proverbs 25:5. (Others read in this place הֹגוֹ i.e. Hiph. of יָגָה). Hither also, apparently, must be referred Isaiah 27:8, בְּיוֹם קָדִים הָגָה בְּרוּתוֹ הַקָּשָׁה “he takes (them) away by his strong wind in the day of his east wind.” Well explained by Kimchi, הֵסִיר.

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List of Word Forms
אֶהְגֶּ֖ה אֶהְגֶּה־ אהגה אהגה־ הָגִ֥יתִי הָגֹ֣ה הגה הגיתי וְהַמַּהְגִּ֑ים וְהָגִ֤יתָ וְהָגִ֥יתִי וְהֹג֛וֹ והגו והגית והגיתי והמהגים יֶ֝הְגּ֗וּ יֶהְגֶּ֗ה יֶהְגֶּ֣ה יֶהְגֶּ֥ה יֶהְגֶּֽה׃ יֶהְגֶּה֩ יֶהְגּֽוּ׃ יֶהְגּוּ־ יהגה יהגה׃ יהגו יהגו־ יהגו׃ נֶהְגֶּ֑ה נהגה תֶּהְגֶּ֣ה תֶּהְגּ֖וּ תֶהְגֶּֽה׃ תהגה תהגה׃ תהגו ’eh·geh ’eh·geh- ’ehgeh ’ehgeh- ehgeh hā·ḡî·ṯî hā·ḡōh haGiti hāḡîṯî haGoh hāḡōh neh·geh nehgeh teh·geh ṯeh·geh teh·gū tehgeh ṯehgeh tehGu tehgū vehaGita vehaGiti vehammahGim vehoGo wə·hā·ḡî·ṯā wə·hā·ḡî·ṯî wə·ham·mah·gîm wə·hō·ḡōw wəhāḡîṯā wəhāḡîṯî wəhammahgîm wəhōḡōw yeh·geh yeh·gū yeh·gū- yehgeh yehgu yehgū yehgū-
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