Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, September 30th, 2023
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Take our poll

Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2978 - λαῖλαψ

of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Search for…
Browse by letter:
Prev Entry
Next Entry
  1. a whirlwind, a tempestuous wind
  2. a violent attack of wind, a squall
    1. never a single gust nor a steady blowing wind, however violent, but a storm breaking forth from black thunder clouds in furious gusts, with floods of rain, and throwing everything topsy-turvy
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5191 ‑ נְטָל (net‑al');  5492 ‑ סוּפָה (soo‑faw');  5591 ‑ סַעַר (sah'‑ar, seh‑aw‑raw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Mark 1
Luke 1
2 Peter 1
NAS (4)
Mark 1
Luke 2
2 Peter 1
HCS (3)
Mark 1
Luke 1
2 Peter 1
BSB (3)
Mark 1
Luke 1
2 Peter 1
ESV (1)
2 Peter 1
WEB (4)
Mark 2
Luke 1
2 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

λαῖλαψ, ᾰπος, ἡ,

furious storm, hurricane, βαῖνον ἐρεμνῇ λαίλαπι ἶσοι Il. 12.375; κελαινῇ λ. ἶσος 11.747; ἄνεμος σὺν λαίλαπι πολλῇ 17.57; Ζέφυρος βαθείῃ λ. τύπτων 11.306; Ζέφυρος μεγάλῃ σὺν λ. θύων Od. 12.408, cf. 426; ὅτε τε Ζεὺς λαίλαπα τείνῃ Il. 16.365; ὦρσεν ἔπι ζαῆν ἄνεμον.. λ. θεσπεσίῃ Od. 12.314, cf. 9.68; ὡς δ' ὑπὸ λαίλαπι.. βέβριθε χθών Il. 16.384, cf. Semon. 1.15; Νότου λαίλαπι Anacr. 113; λαίλαπι χειμωνοτύπῳ A. Supp. 33 (anap.), cf. LXX Job 21:18, Plb. 30.11.6; acc. to Arist. Mu. 395a7, a whirlwind sweeping upwards: metaph., ἔτλης λαίλαπα δυσμενέων AP 7.147 (Arch.).

Not found in early Prose, but common later, cf. λ. ἀνέμου Mark 4:37, Plu. Tim. 28; spelt λαῖλαμψ Sammelb. 4324.15:

a form λαιλαπετός, ὁ, occurs in Sch. A Il. 11.495, Hsch.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

λαῖλαψ ((L T Tr WH) not λαῖλαψ (Griesbach), cf. Winers Grammar, § 6, 1 e.; Lipsius, Grammat. Untersuch., p. 37f; (Chandler § 620; Tdf. Proleg., p. 101)), λαίλαπος, (masculine in א* Mark 4:37; cf. Thomas Magister, Ritschl edition, p. 226, 4), a whirlwind, tempestuous wind: 2 Peter 2:17; λαῖλαψ ἀνέμου (cf. German Sturmwind; ἄνεμος σύν λαίλαπι πολλή, Homer, Iliad 17, 57), a violent attack of wind (A. V. a storm of wind), a squall ((see below)), Mark 4:37; Luke 8:23. (The Sept., Job 21:18; Job 38:1; Wis. 5:15, 24; Sir. 48:9.) (According to Schmidt (chapter 55 § 13), λαῖλαψ is never a single gust, nor a steadily blowing wind, however violent; but a storm breaking forth from black thunder-clouds in furious gusts, with floods of rain, and throwing everything topsy-turvy; according to Aristotle, de mund. 4, p. 395{a}, 7 it is 'a whirlwind revolving from below upward.')

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

λαῖλαψ , -απος , ,

[in LXX: Job 21:18; Job 27:20 א (H5492) Job 38:1, Jeremiah 25:32 (H5591), Wisdom of Solomon 5:14; Wisdom of Solomon 5:23, Sirach 48:9; Sirach 48:12*;]

a hurricane, whirlwind: Mark 4:37, Luke 8:23, 2 Peter 2:17.†

SYN.: θύελλα G2366, q.v., and cf. ἄνεμος G417.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
λαιλαπος λαίλαπος λαιλαψ λαίλαψ λαῖλαψ λάκκοις λάκκον λάκκος λάκκου λάκκους λάκκω λάκκων lailapos laílapos lailaps laîlaps
adsFree icon
Ads FreeProfile