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Historical Writings

Today in Christian History

Thursday, September 17

335
[or the 13th] Consecration of the Church of the Anastasis (Church of the Resurrection), commissioned by Emperor Constantine at the reputed site of Christ’s Resurrection. The church will not be completed for about fifty more years.
1252
Dedication of the Cathedral in Ely, England. King Henry III and Prince Edward are present.
1485
Assassination of the fierce inquisitor Peter Arbues at Saragossa, Spain. He is struck from behind while at prayer in the cathedral. Later the church will declare him a saint.
1525
Valentine Crautwald receives in a vision the Schwenckfelder view of the Eucharist: "spiritual grain" eaten by faith grows in a believer, transforming him or her toward the full image of God, the person of Christ.
1564
Don Gaspar Centellas of Valencia, a gentleman of birth and culture, is burned to death, having refused to recognize the Roman Church and pope as the Church of God.
1575
Death of Swiss reformer Heinrich Bullinger. He had succeeded Zwingli at Zurich and because of the hospitality he extended to English exiles, had gained influence with the English Puritans.
1581
Domingo Salazar, first bishop of the Philippines, and his Jesuit companions reach Manila, having walked overland the last two months because winds were unfavorable for sailing.
1595
After extracting as many concessions as possible, Pope Clement VIII grants absolution to Henry IV of France, formerly a Protestant, so that he will be able to rule France.
1621
Death in Rome of Cardinal Robert Bellarmine, celebrated Jesuit defender of Roman Catholic teaching against Protestant theologies. He had also delivered the admonition to Galileo to no longer teach the heliocentric theory.
1644
(old calendar) English authorities hang a Jesuit priest, Ralph Corbie (or Corbington), in London for adhering to his faith.
1656
Massachusetts enacted severe laws against Quakers. (At the time, government and religion were intricately interwoven; the line between blasphemy and treason was virtually nonexistent; and non-sacramental Quakerism gave the impression that the denomination was anti-government.)
1683
Death of John Campanius, Lutheran missionary to Indians.
1717
The first synod of the Presbyterian Church in America met in Philadelphia.
1776
Along the western coast of North America, a party of 247 Spanish colonists consecrated their newly-founded mission, known as San Francisco.
1787
The U.S. Constitution -- ratified on this date -- contained the following code under Article 6, Section 3: 'No religious tests shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States.'
1792
Consecration of Thomas John Claggett at Trinity Church, New York City, by Bishops Samuel Seabury, William White, Samuel Provoost, and James Madison. He is the first Episcopal bishop consecrated in America, the others having obtained consecration in England or Scotland.
1804
Santa Ynez Mission is founded in California. Working here, Father Arroyo will prepare a grammar of the language of the Indians of the San Juan region.
1833
Upon her release from prison, a woman walks several miles to Kaiserswerth to ask pastor Theodore Fliedner for help and is given a small outbuilding as a temporary shelter, inaugurating what will become the Kaiserswerth institutions.
1868
Birth of Walter Gowans, Canadian missions pioneer. In 1893 he helped found the Sudan Interior Mission in Toronto. Today, SIM works with African nationals and specializes in church planting, medicine and broadcasting.
1913
International Union of Gospel Missions (IUGM) is founded, uniting in cooperation many groups which are operating rescue missions.
1942
Romanian authorities sentence Voicu Rusin to twenty-five years of forced labor for refusing to abandon his Pentecostal faith.
1959
Ground-breaking ceremony for the Adventist College of West Africa in Nigeria, that will train thousands of Africans and later become Babcock University.
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