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June 9 - Historical Order


Ezekiel 32-34

Chapter 32

A Lament Over Pharaoh

1 In the twelfth year, in the twelfth month on the first day, the word of the Lord came to me:(a) 2 "Son of man, take up a lament(b) concerning Pharaoh king of Egypt and say to him:

"‘You are like a lion(c) among the nations;
     you are like a monster(d) in the seas(e)
thrashing about in your streams,
     churning the water with your feet
     and muddying the streams.(f)

3 "‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says:

"‘With a great throng of people
     I will cast my net over you,
     and they will haul you up in my net.(g)
4 I will throw you on the land
     and hurl you on the open field.
I will let all the birds of the sky settle on you
     and all the animals of the wild gorge themselves on you.(h)
5 I will spread your flesh on the mountains
     and fill the valleys(i) with your remains.
6 I will drench the land with your flowing blood(j)
     all the way to the mountains,
     and the ravines will be filled with your flesh.(k)
7 When I snuff you out, I will cover the heavens
     and darken their stars;
I will cover the sun with a cloud,
     and the moon will not give its light.(l)
8 All the shining lights in the heavens
     I will darken(m) over you;
     I will bring darkness over your land,(n)
declares the Sovereign Lord .
9 I will trouble the hearts of many peoples
     when I bring about your destruction among the nations,
     among[a] lands you have not known.
10 I will cause many peoples to be appalled at you,
     and their kings will shudder with horror because of you
     when I brandish my sword(o) before them.
On the day(p) of your downfall
     each of them will tremble
     every moment for his life.(q)

11 "‘For this is what the Sovereign Lord says:

"‘The sword(r) of the king of Babylon(s)
     will come against you.(t)
12 I will cause your hordes to fall
     by the swords of mighty men—
     the most ruthless of all nations.(u)
They will shatter the pride of Egypt,
     and all her hordes will be overthrown.(v)
13 I will destroy all her cattle
     from beside abundant waters
no longer to be stirred by the foot of man
     or muddied by the hooves of cattle.(w)
14 Then I will let her waters settle
     and make her streams flow like oil,
declares the Sovereign Lord .
15 When I make Egypt desolate
     and strip the land of everything in it,
when I strike down all who live there,
     then they will know that I am the Lord .(x)'

16 "This is the lament(y) they will chant for her. The daughters of the nations will chant it; for Egypt and all her hordes they will chant it, declares the Sovereign Lord ."

Egypt's Descent Into the Realm of the Dead

17 In the twelfth year, on the fifteenth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:(z) 18 "Son of man, wail for the hordes of Egypt and consign(aa) to the earth below both her and the daughters of mighty nations, along with those who go down to the pit.(ab) 19 Say to them, ‘Are you more favored than others? Go down and be laid among the uncircumcised.'(ac) 20 They will fall among those killed by the sword. The sword is drawn; let her be dragged(ad) off with all her hordes.(ae) 21 From within the realm of the dead(af) the mighty leaders will say of Egypt and her allies, ‘They have come down and they lie with the uncircumcised,(ag) with those killed by the sword.'

22 "Assyria is there with her whole army; she is surrounded by the graves of all her slain, all who have fallen by the sword. 23 Their graves are in the depths of the pit(ah) and her army lies around her grave.(ai) All who had spread terror in the land of the living are slain, fallen by the sword.

24 "Elam(aj) is there, with all her hordes around her grave. All of them are slain, fallen by the sword.(ak) All who had spread terror in the land of the living(al) went down uncircumcised to the earth below. They bear their shame with those who go down to the pit.(am) 25 A bed is made for her among the slain, with all her hordes around her grave. All of them are uncircumcised,(an) killed by the sword. Because their terror had spread in the land of the living, they bear their shame with those who go down to the pit; they are laid among the slain.

26 "Meshek and Tubal(ao) are there, with all their hordes around their graves. All of them are uncircumcised, killed by the sword because they spread their terror in the land of the living. 27 But they do not lie with the fallen warriors of old,[b](ap) who went down to the realm of the dead with their weapons of war—their swords placed under their heads and their shields[c] resting on their bones—though these warriors also had terrorized the land of the living.

28 "You too, Pharaoh, will be broken and will lie among the uncircumcised, with those killed by the sword.

29 "Edom(aq) is there, her kings and all her princes; despite their power, they are laid with those killed by the sword. They lie with the uncircumcised, with those who go down to the pit.(ar)

30 "All the princes of the north(as) and all the Sidonians(at) are there; they went down with the slain in disgrace despite the terror caused by their power. They lie uncircumcised(au) with those killed by the sword and bear their shame with those who go down to the pit.(av)

31 "Pharaoh—he and all his army—will see them and he will be consoled(aw) for all his hordes that were killed by the sword, declares the Sovereign Lord . 32 Although I had him spread terror in the land of the living, Pharaoh(ax) and all his hordes will be laid among the uncircumcised, with those killed by the sword, declares the Sovereign Lord ."(ay)

Chapter 33

Renewal of Ezekiel's Call as Watchman

1 The word of the Lord came to me: 2 "Son of man, speak to your people and say to them: ‘When I bring the sword(a) against a land, and the people of the land choose one of their men and make him their watchman,(b) 3 and he sees the sword coming against the land and blows the trumpet(c) to warn the people, 4 then if anyone hears the trumpet but does not heed the warning(d) and the sword comes and takes their life, their blood will be on their own head.(e) 5 Since they heard the sound of the trumpet but did not heed the warning, their blood will be on their own head.(f) If they had heeded the warning, they would have saved themselves.(g) 6 But if the watchman sees the sword coming and does not blow the trumpet to warn the people and the sword comes and takes someone's life, that person's life will be taken because of their sin, but I will hold the watchman accountable for their blood.'(h)

7 "Son of man, I have made you a watchman(i) for the people of Israel; so hear the word I speak and give them warning from me.(j) 8 When I say to the wicked, ‘You wicked person, you will surely die,(k)' and you do not speak out to dissuade them from their ways, that wicked person will die for[a] their sin, and I will hold you accountable for their blood.(l) 9 But if you do warn the wicked person to turn from their ways and they do not do so,(m) they will die for their sin, though you yourself will be saved.(n)

10 "Son of man, say to the Israelites, ‘This is what you are saying: "Our offenses and sins weigh us down, and we are wasting away(o) because of[b] them. How then can we live?(p)"' 11 Say to them, ‘As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign Lord , I take no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but rather that they turn from their ways and live.(q) Turn!(r) Turn from your evil ways! Why will you die, people of Israel?'(s)

12 "Therefore, son of man, say to your people,(t) ‘If someone who is righteous disobeys, that person's former righteousness will count for nothing. And if someone who is wicked repents, that person's former wickedness will not bring condemnation. The righteous person who sins will not be allowed to live even though they were formerly righteous.'(u) 13 If I tell a righteous person that they will surely live, but then they trust in their righteousness and do evil, none of the righteous things that person has done will be remembered; they will die for the evil they have done.(v) 14 And if I say to a wicked person, ‘You will surely die,' but they then turn away from their sin and do what is just(w) and right— 15 if they give back what they took in pledge(x) for a loan, return what they have stolen,(y) follow the decrees that give life, and do no evil—that person will surely live; they will not die.(z) 16 None of the sins(aa) that person has committed will be remembered against them. They have done what is just and right; they will surely live.(ab)

17 "Yet your people say, ‘The way of the Lord is not just.' But it is their way that is not just. 18 If a righteous person turns from their righteousness and does evil,(ac) they will die for it.(ad) 19 And if a wicked person turns away from their wickedness and does what is just and right, they will live by doing so.(ae) 20 Yet you Israelites say, ‘The way of the Lord is not just.' But I will judge each of you according to your own ways."(af)

Jerusalem's Fall Explained

21 In the twelfth year of our exile, in the tenth month on the fifth day, a man who had escaped(ag) from Jerusalem came to me and said, "The city has fallen!(ah)" 22 Now the evening before the man arrived, the hand of the Lord was on me,(ai) and he opened my mouth(aj) before the man came to me in the morning. So my mouth was opened and I was no longer silent.(ak)

23 Then the word of the Lord came to me: 24 "Son of man, the people living in those ruins(al) in the land of Israel are saying, ‘Abraham was only one man, yet he possessed the land. But we are many;(am) surely the land has been given to us as our possession.'(an) 25 Therefore say to them, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: Since you eat(ao) meat with the blood(ap) still in it and look to your idols and shed blood, should you then possess the land?(aq) 26 You rely on your sword, you do detestable things,(ar) and each of you defiles his neighbor's wife.(as) Should you then possess the land?'

27 "Say this to them: ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: As surely as I live, those who are left in the ruins will fall by the sword, those out in the country I will give to the wild animals to be devoured, and those in strongholds and caves will die of a plague.(at) 28 I will make the land a desolate waste, and her proud strength will come to an end, and the mountains(au) of Israel will become desolate so that no one will cross them.(av) 29 Then they will know that I am the Lord , when I have made the land a desolate(aw) waste because of all the detestable things they have done.'(ax)

30 "As for you, son of man, your people are talking together about you by the walls and at the doors of the houses, saying to each other, ‘Come and hear the message that has come from the Lord .' 31 My people come to you, as they usually do, and sit before(ay) you to hear your words, but they do not put them into practice. Their mouths speak of love, but their hearts are greedy(az) for unjust gain.(ba) 32 Indeed, to them you are nothing more than one who sings love songs(bb) with a beautiful voice and plays an instrument well, for they hear your words but do not put them into practice.(bc)

33 "When all this comes true—and it surely will—then they will know that a prophet has been among them.(bd)"

Chapter 34

The Lord Will Be Israel's Shepherd

1 The word of the Lord came to me: 2 "Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel; prophesy and say to them: ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: Woe to you shepherds of Israel who only take care of yourselves! Should not shepherds take care of the flock?(a) 3 You eat the curds, clothe yourselves with the wool and slaughter the choice animals, but you do not take care of the flock.(b) 4 You have not strengthened the weak or healed(c) the sick or bound up(d) the injured. You have not brought back the strays or searched for the lost. You have ruled them harshly and brutally.(e) 5 So they were scattered because there was no shepherd,(f) and when they were scattered they became food for all the wild animals.(g) 6 My sheep wandered over all the mountains and on every high hill.(h) They were scattered(i) over the whole earth, and no one searched or looked for them.(j)

7 "‘Therefore, you shepherds, hear the word of the Lord : 8 As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign Lord , because my flock lacks a shepherd and so has been plundered(k) and has become food for all the wild animals,(l) and because my shepherds did not search for my flock but cared for themselves rather than for my flock,(m) 9 therefore, you shepherds, hear the word of the Lord : 10 This is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am against(n) the shepherds and will hold them accountable for my flock. I will remove them from tending the flock so that the shepherds can no longer feed themselves. I will rescue(o) my flock from their mouths, and it will no longer be food for them.(p)

11 "‘For this is what the Sovereign Lord says: I myself will search for my sheep(q) and look after them. 12 As a shepherd(r) looks after his scattered flock when he is with them, so will I look after my sheep. I will rescue them from all the places where they were scattered on a day of clouds and darkness.(s) 13 I will bring them out from the nations and gather(t) them from the countries, and I will bring them into their own land.(u) I will pasture them on the mountains of Israel, in the ravines and in all the settlements in the land.(v) 14 I will tend them in a good pasture, and the mountain heights of Israel(w) will be their grazing land. There they will lie down in good grazing land, and there they will feed in a rich pasture(x) on the mountains of Israel.(y) 15 I myself will tend my sheep and have them lie down,(z) declares the Sovereign Lord .(aa) 16 I will search for the lost and bring back the strays. I will bind up(ab) the injured and strengthen the weak,(ac) but the sleek and the strong I will destroy.(ad) I will shepherd the flock with justice.(ae)

17 "‘As for you, my flock, this is what the Sovereign Lord says: I will judge between one sheep and another, and between rams and goats.(af) 18 Is it not enough(ag) for you to feed on the good pasture? Must you also trample the rest of your pasture with your feet?(ah) Is it not enough for you to drink clear water? Must you also muddy the rest with your feet? 19 Must my flock feed on what you have trampled and drink what you have muddied with your feet?

20 "‘Therefore this is what the Sovereign Lord says to them: See, I myself will judge between the fat sheep and the lean sheep.(ai) 21 Because you shove with flank and shoulder, butting all the weak sheep with your horns(aj) until you have driven them away, 22 I will save my flock, and they will no longer be plundered. I will judge between one sheep and another.(ak) 23 I will place over them one shepherd, my servant David, and he will tend(al) them; he will tend them and be their shepherd.(am) 24 I the Lord will be their God,(an) and my servant David(ao) will be prince among them.(ap) I the Lord have spoken.(aq)

25 "‘I will make a covenant(ar) of peace(as) with them and rid the land of savage beasts(at) so that they may live in the wilderness and sleep in the forests in safety.(au) 26 I will make them and the places surrounding my hill a blessing.[a](av) I will send down showers in season;(aw) there will be showers of blessing.(ax) 27 The trees will yield their fruit(ay) and the ground will yield its crops;(az) the people will be secure(ba) in their land. They will know that I am the Lord , when I break the bars of their yoke(bb) and rescue them from the hands of those who enslaved them.(bc) 28 They will no longer be plundered by the nations, nor will wild animals devour them. They will live in safety,(bd) and no one will make them afraid.(be) 29 I will provide for them a land renowned(bf) for its crops, and they will no longer be victims of famine(bg) in the land or bear the scorn(bh) of the nations.(bi) 30 Then they will know that I, the Lord their God, am with them and that they, the Israelites, are my people, declares the Sovereign Lord .(bj) 31 You are my sheep,(bk) the sheep of my pasture,(bl) and I am your God, declares the Sovereign Lord .'"

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