the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #03671 - כָּנָף
1) wing, extremity, edge, winged, border, corner, shirt
1b1) skirt, corner (of garment)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
a. of birds Isaiah 10:14 (in figurative), Exodus 19:4 (E ? R ? figurative) Deuteronomy 32:11 (in simile), Zechariah 5:9; Leviticus 1:17 (P), Job 39:13,26; Psalm 68:14; in figure of invading king Jeremiah 48:40; Jeremiah 49:22; Ezekiel 17:3,7; so apparently Isaiah 8:8 of invader as overflowing river (but Du Che separate וְהָיָה מֻטּוֺת כְּנָפָיו from preceding); of riches, as flying away Proverbs 23:5; in phrase צִמּוֺר כָּנָף = winged birds Deuteronomy 4:17; Psalm 148:10, ׳(עֵיט)צִמּוֺר כָּלכֿ Ezekiel 39:4,17, ׳כֹּל צִמּוֺר כָּלכֿ Genesis 7:14 (P), Ezekiel 17:23, ׳עוֺף כ Genesis 1:21 (P), Psalm 78:27; also ׳בַּעַל כ Proverbs 1:17 = winged thing, compare בַּעַלהֿ֯כְּנָפַיִם Ecclesiastes 10:20.
b. of insects (probably), אֶרֶץ צִלְצַל כְּנָפָ֑יִם Isaiah 18:1 buzzing, or humming of wings, i.e. Ethiopia, so called from its swarms of flies, with especial reference possibly to the tsetse-fly (so Du, compare Che; id., in General, Hi De; > Kn Di of the tropical shadow falling both ways; Thes1167b of noise of the wings of an army; reference to sails as wings — compare Isaiah 18:2 — would be suitable, but צִלְצַל does not favour this).
c. of cherubim 1 Kings 6:24 (4t. in verse) + 8t. Kings, compare 2 Chronicles 3:11 (4t. in verse) + 6t. Chronicles; Ezekiel 1:6 17t. Ezekiel; Exodus 25:20 (twice in verse); Exodus 39:9 (twice in verse) (all P).
d. of seraphim Isaiah 6:2 (twice in verse).
e. of women in Zechariah's vision Zechariah 5:9 (twice in verse).
f. figurative of the wind, Hosea 4:19; Psalm 18:11 = 2 Samuel 22:11; Psalm 104:3.
g. figurative of the dawn (winged sun-disc ?) Psalm 139:9, compare of sun of righteousness Malachi 3:20.
h. figurative of ׳י, as protector of his people Psalm 17:8; Psalm 36:8; Psalm 57:2; Psalm 61:5; Psalm 63:3; Psalm 91:4; Ruth 2:12.
2 extremity: —
a. of garment = skirt, corner, or loose flowing end, 1 Samuel 15:27; 1 Samuel 24:5; 1 Samuel 24:6; 1 Samuel 24:12 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 22:12; Deuteronomy 23:1; Deuteronomy 27:20; Jeremiah 2:34 (figurative), Ezekiel 5:3; Ezekiel 16:8 (in figurative), Haggai 2:12 (twice in verse); Zechariah 8:23; Numbers 15:38 (twice in verse) (P; compare RS Sem, i. 416,2nd ed. 437).
b. of the earth, מִכְּנַף הָאָרֶץ Isaiah 24:16 from the end of the earth; elsewhere plural ׳כַּנְפוֺת הָא Job 37:3; Job 38:13, and, def. ׳הא׳אַרְבַּע כ Isaiah 11:12 the four corners of the earth; so of the holy land Ezekiel 7:2. — עַלכְּֿנַף שִׁקּוּצִים מְשׁוֺמֵם Daniel 9:27 is obscure; Meinh reads, after Vrss., כָּנָף, on the corner (of the altar) is a devastating abomination; < Kue Onderzoek 2, ii. 472 Bev, who read עַלכַּֿנּוֺ in its place, instead of it.
(1) a wing, so called from its covering. בַּעַל כָּנָף Proverbs 1:17, and בַּעַל הַכְּנָפַיִם Ecclesiastes 10:20, that which has a wing, poet. used of a bird. כָּל־כָּנָף allerleh Geflügel, birds of all kinds, Genesis 7:14. Poet. there are used, כַּנְפֵי רוּחַ the wings of the wind, Psalms 18:11, 104:3 כַּנְפֵי שַׁחַר the wings of the morning, 139:9 on account of the rapidity of the moving on of the winds and the morning. Often also used metaph. of care and protection. Psalms 17:8, בְּצֵל כְּנָפֶיךָ תַּםְתִּירֵנִי “hide me under the shadow of thy wings.” Psalms 36:8, 57:2 61:5 63:8 91:4 Ruth 2:12. (Compare Arab. جنح, جناح and كنف Schult. on Job, 472; Gr. πτέρυξ, Grot. on Matthew 23:37.) Wings are also spoken of as applied to armies (as in Latin) [and English], Isaiah 8:8 comp. אֲנַפִּים.
(2) edge, extremity
(a) of a garment, the skirt, πτέρυξ, πτερύγιον; fully כְּנַף הַמְּעִיל the skirts of a mantle, 1 Samuel 24:5, 12 1 Samuel 24:12; Numbers 15:38; Deuteronomy 22:12 also without the name of the garment, Zechariah 8:23, כְּנַף אִישׁ יְהוּדִי “the skirt (of a mantle) of a man who is a Jew.” Ezekiel 5:3; Haggai 2:12. From the Orientals having been accustomed at night to wrap themselves in their mantles, this expression is used for the edge of a bed covering. Deuteronomy 23:1, וְלֹא יְנַלֶּה כְּנַף אָבִיו “neither shall he uncover his father’s coverlet;” i.e. he shall not violate his father’s bed. Deuteronomy 27:20 comp. Ezekiel 16:8. Ruth 3:9, “spread thy coverlet over thy handmaid;” i.e. take me to thy couch as thy wife. (Comp. Theoc. Idyll. xviii. 19, and ἐπισκιάζειν, Luke 1:35 [?]).
(b) the extremities of the earth (just as the inhabited earth is often compared to a cloak spread out). Isaiah 24:16, כְּנַף הָאָרֶץ “the extremity of the earth.” Especially in pl. Job 37:3, 38:13, כַּנְפוֹת הָאָרֶץ “the extremities of the earth;” and Isaiah 11:12. Ezekiel 7:2, אַדְבַּעַת כַּנְפוֹת הָאָרֶץ “the four quarters,” or “extreme bounds of the earth.”
(c) the highest summit of the temple, Daniel 9:27 comp. πτερύγιον τοῦ ἱεροῦ, Matthew 4:5.
Dual כְּנָפַיִם const. כַּנְפֵי fem. pr. a pair of wings; hence often used for the pl. שֵׁשׁ כְּנָפַיִם six wings, Isaiah 6:2 אַדְבַּע כְּנָפַיִם four wings, Ezekiel 1:6, 10:21. Pl. const. כַּנְפוֹת m. used of the skirts of a garment, Deuteronomy 22:12 and of the extremity of the earth (see No. 2, a, b).
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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