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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #01571 - גַּם
1) also, even, indeed, moreover, yea
1a) also, moreover (giving emphasis)
1b) neither, neither...nor (with negative)
1c) even (for stress)
1d) indeed, yea (introducing climax)
1e) also (of correspondence or retribution)
1f) but, yet, though (adversative)
1g) even, yea, yea though (with ‘when’ in hypothetical case)
2) (TWOT) again, alike
1059) mc (גמ GM) AC: Gather CO: Foot AB: ?: The pictograph c is a picture of the foot and means to walk. The m is water. Combined these mean "walking to water". The watering well or other place of water is a gathering place for men, animals and plants for drinking. Men and animals may walk great distances for these watering holes while plants grow in abundance in them. (eng: game - from the Latin word game meaning leg)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
גַּם prop. subst. addition, accumulation; hence part. indicating accession, like אַף (which see).
(1) also, Genesis 3:6, 22 7:3 19:21, 35 Genesis 19:35, 30:15 35:17, etc. It is prefixed to the words to which it refers, like the Lat. etiam; but when words are repeated for the sake of emphasis, it is put between them; as with pronouns, הִיא גַּם הִיא she herself also, Genesis 20:5 בְּפִיו גַּם הוּא in his mouth also, 2 Samuel 17:5; Proverbs 23:15; Genesis 27:34 (comp. Gram. § 92, 1; [119, 4]; Lehrg. § 191); used with verbs, Genesis 46:4, וְאָנֹכִי אַעַלְךָ גַם עָלֹה “and I will also come up with thee.” Genesis 31:15; 1 Samuel 1:6. It is sometimes put at the beginning of a sentence, referring not to the nearest word, but to one more remote. Genesis 16:13, הֲגַם הֲלֹם רָאִיתִי אַחֲרֵי רֹאִי “do I here see (i.e. live) also after the vision (of God)?” Proverbs 19:2, 20:11 Isaiah 30:33. (Observe the same thing of the part. אַךְ Isaiah 34:14 רַק Isaiah 28:19.) Poet. used sometimes for the simple וְ (compare Dan. og and); Joel 1:12; Judges 5:4; Psalms 137:1. גַּם … גַּם also … also, both, and, Genesis 24:25, 43:8 Exodus 12:31 that … so, Jeremiah 51:12 and even put three times, Isaiah 48:8 גַּם … וְגַם Genesis 24:44.
(2) Not unfrequently it is used as an intensitive, even (see אַף No. 1 ). Proverbs 14:20, 17:26 Joel 3:2 with a particle of negation, not even, Psal. 14:3 53:4 2 Samuel 17:12, 13 2 Samuel 17:13(comp. עַד No. 3, a).
(3) It often only serves to make a sentence emphatic, and sometimes may be rendered yea, indeed, truly, or else it shews that the next word takes a considerable emphasis. Job 18:5, גַּם אוֹר רְשָׁעִים יִדְעָךְ “yea, the light of the wicked shall be put out.” 1 Samuel 24:12, רְאֵה גַּם רְאֵה see, yea, see (fiehe, fiehe doch!). Genesis 29:30, “and he loved Rachel more than Leah.” Job 2:10, “shall we receive good from the Lord, and shall we not,” etc. Hosea 9:12, “for woe to them!” Genesis 42:22; Job 13:16, 16:19 Isaiah 66:4. So גַּם שְׁנַיִם alle bende, both together, Genesis 27:45; Proverbs 17:15, 20:10, 12 Proverbs 20:12; 1 Samuel 4:17, גַּם כֹּל all together, alle zufammen; 2 Samuel 19:31; Psalms 25:3. גַּם עַתָּה Germ. nun gut, Genesis 44:10.
(4) גַּם־כִּי even if, followed by a fut. Isaiah 1:15; Hosea 8:10, 9:16 and without כִּי Isaiah 49:15; Psalms 95:9. There also occurs כִּי גַם Ecclesiastes 4:14, 8:12.
(5) advers. however, but, chiefly followed by a negative part. Psalms 129:2; Ecclesiastes 4:16; Ezekiel 16:28.
the Third Week after Epiphany