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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4556 - σάρδιος

properly, an adjective from an uncertain base
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  1. a sardius, a precious stone of which there are two types, the former is called a carnelian (because flesh coloured) and the latter a sard
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 124 ‑ אֹדֶם (o'‑dem);  7718 ‑ שֹׁהַם (sho'‑ham);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Revelation 1
NAS (2)
Revelation 2
HCS (1)
Revelation 1
BSB (2)
Revelation 2
ESV (1)
Revelation 1
WEB (1)
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Phlp. in de An. 321.10 (pl.); σάρδινος λ ., An.Ox. 4.229; σαρδόνιον, Hsch. s.v. σαρδώ .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σάρδιον, σαρδίου, τό (neuter of σάρδιος, see below), sard, sardius, a precious stone, of which there are two kinds, concerning which Theophrastus, de lapid. 16, 5, § 30, Schneid. edition says, τοῦ γάρ σαρδίου τό μέν διαφανες ἐρυθροτερον δέ καλεῖται θῆλυ, τό δέ διαφανες μέν μελαντερον δέ καίi ἄρσεν, the former of which is called carnelian (because flesh-colored; Hebrew אֹדֶם, the Sept. σάρδιον, Exodus 28:17; Exodus 36:17 (Exodus 39:10); Ezekiel 28:13; ἁιματοεντα σαρδια, the Orphica, de lapid. 16, 5), the latter sard: Revelation 4:3 (Rec. σαρδίνῳ); Revelation 21:20 G L T Tr WH. Hence, the adjective σάρδιος, σαρδια, σάρδιον (from Σάρδεις, cf. Pliny, h. n. 37, 7) sardine namely, λίθος (the full phrase occurs Exodus 35:8 (variant)): Revelation 21:20 Rec. (B. D., see under the words, Sardine, Sardius.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σάρδιον , -ον , τ ,

[in LXX for H124, Exodus 28:17, al.; also for H7718;]

the sardian stone, sard (of which carnelian is one variety): Revelation 4:3; Revelation 21:20.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";darken,"; used metaph. of the mind in Ephesians 4:18 : cf. P Oxy XVI. 1854.3 (vi/vii A.D.) νομίζω ὅτι τὸ μυστάριν ἤδη ἐσ ̣κότ ̣ωσεν κἀκείνους, ";I think that the new wine has already blinded them"; (Edd.). MGr σκοτώνω, ";slay.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σαρδινω σαρδιον σάρδιον σάρδιος σαρδίου σαρδίους σαρδιω σαρδίῳ sardio sardiō sardíoi sardíōi sardion sárdion
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