the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2402 - ἱδρώς
A strengthened form of a primary word ἰìδος idos (sweat)
1. sweat: pl., sweats, Hp. Coac. 105 (s. v.l.).
2. warmth, Emp. 62.5, prob. in Id. 21.4; violent heat, Hes. Sc. 397, Call. Fr. 124 (prob.), D.P. 966; cf. ἰδίω.
ἱδρώς, ἱδρῶτος, ὁ (allied with Latinsudor, English sweat; Curtius, § 283; from Homer down), sweat: Luke 22:44 (L brackets WH reject the passage; (Tr accents ἱδρώς, yet cf. Chandler § 667)).
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(Tr. -ῶς ), -ῶτος , ὁ ,
[in LXX: Genesis 3:19 (H2188), 2 Maccabees 2:29, 4 Maccabees 7:8*;]
sweat: Luke 22:44 (WH, omit).†
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This word, which in the NT is confined to Luke 22:44 א* D (cf. Hobart, p. 82), may be illustrated from the magic P Lond 46.152 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 70) ἐγώ εἰμι οὗ ἐστιν ὁ ἱδρὼς ὄμβρος ἐπιπείπτων ἐπὶ τὴν γῆν. In ib. 402 verso.18 (ii/B.C.) (= II. p, 11) we read of ἱδρω ̣ια παλ (αιά), perhaps, as the editor suggests, ";old sweaters"; : the same word may be lurking in P Tebt I. 116.34 (late ii/B.C.) τι (μῆς) ἱδροίων β ̄ ω ̄μ ̄, and in P Goodsp Cairo 30iii. 22 (A.D. 191–2) ἱδρώων ς ̄, cf. Mayser Gr, p. 137. For the derived meaning see P Amh II. 40.17 (ii/B.C.) μετὰ πολλοῦ ἱδρῶτος, ";by great exertions"; (Edd.) : cf. Lat. multo sudore. The verb, as in 4 Maccabees 3:8; 4 Maccabees 6:11, Didache i. 6, occurs in P Oxy X. 1242.52 (early iii/A.D,) ἡ τοῦ Σαράπιδος προτομὴ. . αἰφνίδιον ἵδρωσεν, ";the bust of Sarapis suddenly sweated"; : cf. Verg. Georg. i. 480 et maesturn inlacrimat templis ebur aeraque sudant. MGr ἵδρος, ἱδρῶτας, with the verb ἱδρώνω or δρώνω.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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