the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1445 - Ἑβραῖος
- any one of the Jewish or Israelitish nations
- in a narrower sense, those who live in Palestine and use the language of the country
- all Jewish Christians, whether they spoke Aramaic or Greek
Ἑβραῖος, α, ον,
Hebrew: and as Subst., a Hebrew, 2 Corinthians 11:22, Paus. 1.5.5, App. BC 2.71; Ἑ. ἐξ Ἑβραίων Philippians 3:5, etc.; opp. Ἑλληνιστής, a Jew who used the Hebrew (Aramaic) language, Acts 6:1 : — Adj. Ἑβραϊκός, ή, όν, Hebrew, γράμματα Luke 23:38 (s.v.l.): — fem. Ἑβραΐς, ίδος, διάλεκτος Acts 21:40; γυναῖκες J. AJ 2.9.5: — Verb Ἑβραΐζω, speak Hebrew, Id. BJ 6.2.1: — Adv. Ἑβραϊστί, in the Hebrew tongue, LXX Si.prol., John 19:20, etc.
Ἑβραῖος (WH Ἐβραῖος, see their Introductory § 408), ἑβραιου, ὁ, a Hebrew (עִבְרִי a name first given to Abraham, Genesis 14:13, afterward transferred to his posterity descended from Isaac and Jacob; by it in the O. T. the Israelites are both distinguished from and designated by foreigners, as afterward by Pausanias, Plutarch, others. The name is now generally derived from עֵבֶר for הַנָּהָר עֵבֶר, i. e. of the region beyond the Euphrates, whence עִבְרִי equivalent to one who comes from the region beyond the Euphrates; Genesis 14:13 the Sept. ὁ περάτης. Cf. Gesenius, Gesch. d. hebr. Sprache u. Schrift, p. 11f; Thesaurus, ii., p. 987; Knobel, Volkertafel der Genesis, p. 176ff; Bleek, Einl. in d. A. T. edition 1, p. 73f. (English translation, i. 76f); (B. D. under the word
1. In the N. T. anyone of the Jewish or Israelitish nation: 2 Corinthians 11:22; Philippians 3:5. (In this sense Euseb. h. e. 2, 4, 3 calls Philo the Alexandrian Jew, Ἑβραῖος, although his education was Greek, and he had little (if any) knowledge even of the Hebrew language; and in Praep. evang. 8, 8, 34 he applies the same word to Aristobulus, who was both an Alexandrian, and a Greek-speaking Jew.)
2. In a narrower sense those are called Ἑβραῖοί, who lived in Palestine and used the language of the country, i. e. Chaldee; from whom are distinguished οἱ ἑλληνισται, which see That name adhered to them even after they had gone over to Christianity: Acts 6:1. (Philo in his de conf. lingg. § 26 makes a contrast between Ἑβραῖοί and ἡμεῖς; and in his de congr. erud. grat. § 8 he calls Greek ἡ ἡμετέρα διάλεκτος. Hence, in this sense he does not reckon himself as a Hebrew.)
3. All Jewish Christians, whether they spoke Aramaic or Greek, equivalent to πιστοί ἐξ Ἑβραίων; so in the heading of the Epistle to the Hebrews; called by Eusebius, h. e. 3, 4, 2 οἱ ἐξ Ἑβραίων ὄντες. (Cf. K. Wieseler, Unters. u. d. Hebraerbrief, 2te Halfte. Kiel, 1861, pp. 25-30.)
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(WH, Ἑβ -), -α , -ον
(Aram. H5680), as subst., ὁ Ἑ .,
1. In OT, of Israelites in contrast with those of another race (Genesis 14:13, Exodus 1:15, Deuteronomy 15:12, al.).
2. In NT as the correlative of Ἑλληνιστής , a Jew who had adopted, in greater or less degree, Greek culture and Greek language. The distinction was not merely linguistic (DB, ii, 325); as far as it was so, Συριστής would be a more correct Greek term for the Jew of Semitic speech (vs. Ἑβραΐς , and cf. Dalman, Words, 7): Acts 6:1, 2 Corinthians 11:22, Philippians 3:5.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
While ᾽Ε (on the breathing, see WH Intr..2 § 408) came to be applied to a Greek-speaking Jew with little or no knowledge of Hebrew, such as Philo (Eus. HE ii. 4. 2) or Aristobulus (Praep.Evang. xiii. 11. 2), the word strictly denotes a Hebrew- or Aramaic-speaking Jew, and is used by Paul in Philippians 3:5 Ἐ. ἐξ Ἐβραίων to emphasize the purity of his descent : see Kennedy EGT ad l., and as further elucidating the full force of the ἐκ cf. OGIS 90.10 (the Rosetta stone—B.C. 196) where Ptolemy V. is described as ὑπάρχων θεὸς ἐκ θεοῦ καὶ θεᾶς. As illustrating Acts 18:4 Deissmann (LAE p.13 f.) refers to an interesting inscription found in Corinth — συνα ]γωγὴ Ἐβρ [αίων, and compares a similar Roman inscr. — συναγωγὴ Αἰβρέων (Schürer Gesch..3 iii. p. 46) : he does not, however, think that Ἐβραῖοι means Hebrew-speaking Jews. Wünsch (AF p. 6) cites an invocation against evil spirits from the great Paris magical papyrus which begins—.3019 ὁρκίζω σε κατὰ τοῦ θεοῦ τῶν Ἑβραίων Ἰησοῦ Ἰαβα Ιαη Αβραωθ, and ends—.3083 ὁ γὰρ λόγος ἐστὶν ἑβραϊκὸς καὶ φυλασσόμενος παρὰ καθαροῖς ἀνδράσιν.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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